Risk factors ID'd for cervical spinal surgery complications

February 7, 2013
Risk factors ID'd for cervical spinal surgery complications
Risk factors have been identified for medical complications following cervical spine surgery, with cardiac and pulmonary complications correlating with death within two years, according to research published in the Feb. 1 issue of Spine.

(HealthDay)—Risk factors have been identified for medical complications following cervical spine surgery, with cardiac and pulmonary complications correlating with death within two years, according to research published in the Feb. 1 issue of Spine.

To examine risk factors for medical complications following cervical spine surgery, Michael J. Lee, M.D., from the University of Washington in Seattle, and colleagues analyzed prospectively collected data, including demographic and medical information, from 582 patients listed in the Spine End Results Registry (2003 to 2004).

The researchers found that, per organ system, the cumulative incidence of complications after cervical spine surgery was 8.4 percent for cardiac, 13 percent for pulmonary, 3.9 percent for gastrointestinal, 7.4 percent for neurological, 10.8 percent for hematological, and 9.2 percent for urologic complications. Multivariate-adjusted significant risk factors varied for the different organ system complications and included prior cardiac event for ; diabetes, drug use, and trauma diagnosis for pulmonary complications; and liver disease for neurologic complications; and hypertension and surgical invasiveness for hematologic complications. Cardiac and respiratory complications correlated significantly with death within two years (relative risk, 4.32 and 6.43, respectively).

"Although these data are useful, future studies, specifically , may further assist physicians and clinicians when considering surgical options for treatment," the authors write.

One or more of the authors disclosed to a commercial entity related directly or indirectly to the study.

Explore further: Morbid obesity ups complication rate in spinal fusion surgery

More information: Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Related Stories

Morbid obesity ups complication rate in spinal fusion surgery

June 5, 2012
(HealthDay) -- Morbid obesity increases the risk of multiple complications in spinal fusion surgery, particularly in patients undergoing anterior cervical or posterior lumbar procedures, according to research published in ...

Readmission seen in 7 percent of elective spine surgeries

December 11, 2012
(HealthDay)—About 7 to 8 percent of Medicare beneficiaries who undergo elective spine surgery for degenerative conditions are readmitted to the hospital within 30 days, according to a study published in the October issue ...

Evidence that respiratory exercises before heart surgery can prevent pneumonia

November 14, 2012
Patients who practice respiratory physical therapy exercises before elective cardiac surgery may reduce serious pulmonary complications later, finds a new evidence review from The Cochrane Library. 

Study identifies risk factors for complications after spine surgery

September 21, 2011
In the last 20 years, due to diagnostic and surgical advances, more and more patients have become appropriate candidates for spine surgery, and the number of these procedures performed has risen significantly. While medical ...

Cardiac catheterizations cause small risk of stroke and other neurological complications

August 3, 2012
(Medical Xpress) -- When a patient undergoes a cardiac catheterization procedure such as a balloon angioplasty, there's a slight risk of a stroke or other neurological complications.

Surgery consultation common after MRI of the spine

January 2, 2013
(HealthDay)—Almost half of patients whose primary care physicians recommend a lumbosacral or cervical spine magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan go on to receive a surgical consultation, but few end up undergoing spinal ...

Recommended for you

World's first child hand transplant a 'success'

July 19, 2017
The first child in the world to undergo a double hand transplant is now able to write, feed and dress himself, doctors said Tuesday, declaring the ground-breaking operation a success after 18 months.

Knee surgery—have we been doing it wrong?

July 18, 2017
A team of University at Buffalo medical doctors have published a study that challenges a surgical practice used for decades during arthroscopic knee surgery.

New tools help surgeons find liver tumors, not nick blood vessels

July 17, 2017
The liver is a particularly squishy, slippery organ, prone to shifting both deadly tumors and life-preserving blood vessels by inches between the time they're discovered on a CT scan and when the patient is lying on an operating ...

Researchers discover indicator of lung transplant rejection

July 13, 2017
Research by scientists at Dignity Health St. Joseph's Hospital and Medical Center's Norton Thoracic Institute was published in the July 12, 2017 issue of Science Translational Medicine titled "Zbtb7a induction in alveolar ...

New device could make closing surgical incisions a cinch

July 7, 2017
Like many surgeons, Dr. Jason Spector is often faced with the challenge of securely closing the abdominal wall without injuring the intestines. If the process goes awry, there can be serious consequences for patients, including ...

Success with first 20 patients undergoing minimally invasive pancreatic transplant surgery

June 29, 2017
Surgeons at Johns Hopkins Medicine report that their first series of a minimally invasive procedure to treat chronic pancreas disease, known as severe pancreatitis, resulted in shorter hospital stays, less need for opioids ...

0 comments

Please sign in to add a comment. Registration is free, and takes less than a minute. Read more

Click here to reset your password.
Sign in to get notified via email when new comments are made.