Review identifies risk factors for comitant strabismus

July 12, 2013
Review identifies risk factors for comitant strabismus
Risk factors for strabismus include low birth weight, prematurity, retinopathy of prematurity, smoking during pregnancy, anisometropia, hyperopia, and genetic factors, according to a review published online July 11 in JAMA Ophthalmology.

(HealthDay)—Risk factors for strabismus include low birth weight, prematurity, retinopathy of prematurity, smoking during pregnancy, anisometropia, hyperopia, and genetic factors, according to a review published online July 11 in JAMA Ophthalmology.

Gail D.E. Maconachie, B.Med.Sci., from the University of Leicester in the United Kingdom, and colleagues conducted a systematic review to identify known environmental and of comitant . Forty-one articles were included, which highlighted risk factor, twin, pedigree, and genetic studies.

The researchers identified significant risk factors for strabismus, including , cicatricial retinopathy of prematurity, prematurity, , anisometropia, hyperopia, and inheritance. Twin and pedigree studies further supported inheritance, and a complex pattern was revealed. Although various gene loci have been reported, only the STBMS1 locus has been supported.

"Certain subgroups within the population are at higher risk of developing comitant strabismus and should be identified and monitored to allow for earlier detection," the authors write. "It is evident that a strong hereditary link is present particularly in intermittent and accommodative forms; however, further research is required to identify possible links between subtypes of strabismus."

Explore further: Pre-eclampsia poses cerebral palsy risk for premature and small babies

More information: Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Related Stories

Pre-eclampsia poses cerebral palsy risk for premature and small babies

July 9, 2013
Exposure to pre-eclampsia is associated with an increased risk of cerebral palsy in newborns, if they are preterm or small at birth, suggests a study published today in BMJ.

Study examines risk factors for visual impairment among preschool children born extremely preterm

June 11, 2012
Cerebral damage and retinopathy of prematurity appear to be independently associated with visual impairment among preschool children who were born extremely premature, according to a report published Online First by Archives ...

Month of conception might raise odds of premature birth

July 8, 2013
(HealthDay)—What time of year a baby is conceived may raise the chances of a premature birth, new research suggests.

Overweight and smoking during pregnancy boost risk of overweight kids

October 30, 2012
Mums who carry too much weight and/or who smoke during pregnancy increase the risk of having overweight kids, indicates a systematic analysis of the available evidence published online in the Archives of Disease in Childhood.

AAP updates screening guide for retinopathy of prematurity

January 2, 2013
(HealthDay)—For the effective detection of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP), at-risk infants should receive carefully timed retinal examinations (based on their gestational age) by an ophthalmologist experienced in the ...

Recommended for you

Too little vitamin D may hinder recovery of injured corneas

July 24, 2017
Injury or disease in combination with too little vitamin D can be bad for the window to your eyes.

Combination of type 2 diabetes and sleep apnoea indicates eyesight loss within four years

July 4, 2017
Research led by the University of Birmingham has discovered that patients who suffer from both Type 2 diabetes and obstructive sleep apnoea are at greater risk of developing a condition that leads to blindness within an average ...

Nearly 60% of pinkeye patients receive antibiotic eye drops, but they're seldom necessary

June 28, 2017
A new study suggests that most people with acute conjunctivitis, or pinkeye, are getting the wrong treatment.

Magnetic implants used to treat 'dancing eyes'

June 26, 2017
A research team has successfully used magnets implanted behind a person's eyes to treat nystagmus, a condition characterised by involuntary eye movements.

Drug shows promise against vision-robbing disease in seniors

June 21, 2017
An experimental drug is showing promise against an untreatable eye disease that blinds older adults—and intriguingly, it seems to work in patients who carry a particular gene flaw that fuels the damage to their vision.

Reproducing a retinal disease on a chip

June 15, 2017
Approximately 80% of all sensory input is received via the eyes, so suffering from chronic retinal diseases that lead to blindness causes a significant decrease in the quality of life (QOL). And because retinal diseases are ...

0 comments

Please sign in to add a comment. Registration is free, and takes less than a minute. Read more

Click here to reset your password.
Sign in to get notified via email when new comments are made.