Relationship between smoke-free law and children in the home

December 20, 2013 by Ann Blackford, University of Kentucky

The greatest gift parents can give their children is a smoke-free home in which to live and grow up healthy.

A study conducted by the University of Kentucky College of Nursing and UK HealthCare, recently published online in the Nicotine & Tobacco Research Journal, examined the relationship of having a smoke-free home, strength of smoke-free law in the county of residence, having one or more minor children in the home, rural/urban location, and other demographics.

Secondhand smoke is the leading cause of childhood illness and premature death, especially in rural areas. Worldwide, there are 600,000 deaths annually from ; 165,000 of those are children. Elimination of the source of tobacco smoke is the only way to completely protect nonsmokers, including children, from secondhand smoke.

The UK study was an internet-based panel survey administered to 400 to 500 Kentucky residents per year from 2007 to 2012. Most of the participants were females between the age of 35 and 54 with at least some college education and living in a smoke-free home. Almost half of the participants lived in a county with a comprehensive smoke-free law (all workplaces and public places totally smoke-free) and 14 percent of the participants lived in a county with a moderate or weak law (some places excluded from the law).

Results of the study revealed significant predictors of having a smoke-free home, included education beyond high school, being a nonsmoker, living in an urban county, and the year of participation in the study.

Controlling for smoking status and other personal characteristics, those who responded to the survey in the last two years of administration were more likely to have a smoke-free home compared to those in 2007. Respondents living in urban counties were nearly two times more likely to report a smoke-free home than rural dwellers.

"The good news is that more and more Kentuckians have made their homes smoke-free since 2007," said Ellen Hahn, professor in the College of Nursing and director of the Kentucky Center for Smoke-free Policy and co-author of the paper."The bad news is that having at home does not necessarily mean the home is smoke-free. Our local health departments are in desperate need of funding to promote smoke-free homes especially in rural areas, with smokers, and those with less education. Otherwise, the next generation of Kentuckians is doomed to a life of early death and disease."

Explore further: Many smoke exposed in home/Car despite smoke-free rules

More information: Karen M. Butler, Mary Kay Rayens, Kristin Ashford, Sarah Adkins, Bill Gombeski, Jason Britt, and Ellen J. Hahn, "Smoke-Free Homes, Strength of Smoke-Free Law, and Children in the Home." Nicotine Tob Res first published online December 3, 2013. DOI: 10.1093/ntr/ntt191

Related Stories

Many smoke exposed in home/Car despite smoke-free rules

June 14, 2013
(HealthDay)—Many U.S. adults report voluntary smoke-free rules for private settings, such as homes and vehicles, but millions of people are still exposed to secondhand smoke in these environments, according to research ...

New study confirms need for state smoke-free laws

August 2, 2013
American Heart Association CEO Nancy Brown issued the following comments today on the CDC Foundation's new study released in the journal Preventing Chronic Disease, which found smoke-free laws in nine states had no impact ...

Many kids with asthma live with secondhand smoke, CDC says

August 8, 2013
(HealthDay)—Children with asthma who are exposed to secondhand smoke have more severe symptoms and more frequent outbreaks than other kids with asthma.

Study finds smoke-free laws don't impact rural or urban economies

August 2, 2011
In a recent study published in Nicotine and Tobacco Research, Ellen Hahn, professor in the University of Kentucky College of Nursing and Mark Pyles, assistant professor of finance in the School of Business at the College ...

Costly cigarettes and smoke-free homes: Both effectively reduce tobacco consumption

October 17, 2013
Researchers at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine say high-priced cigarettes and smoke-free homes effectively reduce smoking behaviors among low-income individuals – a demographic in which tobacco ...

Ashtray availability, signage may determine success of smoke-free legislation

September 4, 2013
Signs banning smoking may not have as much of an impact on secondhand smoke concentrations as the presence of ashtrays or ashtray equivalents, according to research published September 4 in the open access journal PLOS ONE ...

Recommended for you

Placental accumulation of flame retardant chemical alters serotonin production in rats

January 22, 2018
A North Carolina State University-led research team has shown a connection between exposure to a widely used flame retardant chemical mixture and disruption of normal placental function in rats, leading to altered production ...

Marijuana use does not lower chances of getting pregnant

January 22, 2018
Marijuana use—by either men or women—does not appear to lower a couple's chances of getting pregnant, according to a new study led by Boston University School of Public Health (BUSPH) researchers.

Americans are getting more sleep

January 19, 2018
Although more than one in three Americans still don't get enough sleep, a new analysis shows first signs of success in the fight for more shut eye. According to data from 181,335 respondents aged 15 and older who participated ...

Wine is good for you—to a point

January 18, 2018
The Mediterranean diet has become synonymous with healthy eating, but there's one thing in it that stands out: It's cool to drink wine.

Sleep better, lose weight?

January 17, 2018
(HealthDay)—Sleeplessness could cost you when it's time to stand on your bathroom scale, a new British study suggests.

Who uses phone apps to track sleep habits? Mostly the healthy and wealthy in US

January 16, 2018
The profile of most Americans who use popular mobile phone apps that track sleep habits is that they are relatively affluent, claim to eat well, and say they are in good health, even if some of them tend to smoke.


Please sign in to add a comment. Registration is free, and takes less than a minute. Read more

Click here to reset your password.
Sign in to get notified via email when new comments are made.