Surgical checklists cut post-op complications

June 2, 2014
Surgical checklists cut post-op complications

(HealthDay)—Surgical checklists reduce postoperative complications but have no significant effect on mortality, according to a review published in the June issue of Anesthesiology.

Brigid M. Gillespie, Ph.D., R.N., from Griffith University in Gold Coast, Australia, and colleagues conducted a systematic literature review to identify studies evaluating the impact of surgical checklists on complication rates.

Seven cohort studies (37,339 patients) were included in meta-analyses. The researchers found that use of checklists led to a reduction in any complication (risk ratio [RR], 0.63; P < 0.0001; number needed to treat [NNT], 27), a reduction in wound infection (RR, 0.54; P = 0.0001; NNT, 34), and a reduction in (RR, 0.56; P = 0.0001; NNT, 33), compared to standard practice. Mortality (P = 0.191), pneumonia (P = 0.857), and unplanned return to the operating room (P = 0.068) were not reduced with checklists.

"Notwithstanding the lack of , our synthesis of the existing body of evidence suggests a relationship between checklist use in surgery and fewer ," the authors write.

Explore further: Safety checklists for surgery may not lower deaths, complications

More information: Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Related Stories

Melanoma risk up in IBD independent of biologic therapy

January 31, 2014

(HealthDay)—Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is associated with an increased risk of melanoma, independent of the use of biologic therapy, according to research published in the February issue of Clinical Gastroenterology ...

Recommended for you

3-D-printable implants may ease damaged knees

April 19, 2017

A cartilage-mimicking material created by researchers at Duke University may one day allow surgeons to 3-D print replacement knee parts that are custom-shaped to each patient's anatomy.

Stem cell innovation regrows rotator cuffs

April 3, 2017

Every time you throw a ball, swing a golf club, reach for a jar on a shelf, or cradle a baby, you can thank your rotator cuff. This nest of tendons connecting your arm bone to your shoulder socket is a functional marvel, ...

0 comments

Please sign in to add a comment. Registration is free, and takes less than a minute. Read more

Click here to reset your password.
Sign in to get notified via email when new comments are made.