Surgical checklists cut post-op complications

June 2, 2014
Surgical checklists cut post-op complications

(HealthDay)—Surgical checklists reduce postoperative complications but have no significant effect on mortality, according to a review published in the June issue of Anesthesiology.

Brigid M. Gillespie, Ph.D., R.N., from Griffith University in Gold Coast, Australia, and colleagues conducted a systematic literature review to identify studies evaluating the impact of surgical checklists on complication rates.

Seven cohort studies (37,339 patients) were included in meta-analyses. The researchers found that use of checklists led to a reduction in any complication (risk ratio [RR], 0.63; P < 0.0001; number needed to treat [NNT], 27), a reduction in wound infection (RR, 0.54; P = 0.0001; NNT, 34), and a reduction in (RR, 0.56; P = 0.0001; NNT, 33), compared to standard practice. Mortality (P = 0.191), pneumonia (P = 0.857), and unplanned return to the operating room (P = 0.068) were not reduced with checklists.

"Notwithstanding the lack of , our synthesis of the existing body of evidence suggests a relationship between checklist use in surgery and fewer ," the authors write.

Explore further: Safety checklists for surgery may not lower deaths, complications

More information: Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Related Stories

Safety checklists for surgery may not lower deaths, complications

March 12, 2014
(HealthDay)—Surgical safety checklists have been hailed as powerful tools that help reduce deaths and complications, but these lists may not be all they're cracked up to be, Canadian researchers report.

Melanoma risk up in IBD independent of biologic therapy

January 31, 2014
(HealthDay)—Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is associated with an increased risk of melanoma, independent of the use of biologic therapy, according to research published in the February issue of Clinical Gastroenterology ...

Study of 55 million people adds further evidence that patients admitted to hospital at weekends have higher mortality

June 1, 2014
A systematic review and meta-analysis of hospital data worldwide, presented as this year's Euroanaesthesia meeting in Stockholm, adds further evidence that patients admitted to hospital at weekends have higher mortality than ...

Checklists in operating rooms improve performance during crises

January 16, 2013
In an airplane crisis—an engine failure, a fire—pilots pull out a checklist to help with their decision-making. But in an operating room crisis—massive bleeding, a patient's heart stops—surgical teams don't. Given ...

Low-mortality hospitals better with heart surgery complications

June 6, 2013
(HealthDay)—Hospitals with low mortality rates for adults undergoing cardiac surgery are superior in rescuing patients from postoperative complications, according to research published in the June issue of the Annals of ...

Calcium supplementation does not increase coronary heart disease concludes new study

April 5, 2014
Researchers presenting at the World Congress on Osteoporosis, Osteoarthritis and Musculoskeletal Diseases showed the results of a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials of calcium supplements. The results do not support ...

Recommended for you

Drug may help surgical patients stop opioids sooner

December 13, 2017
(HealthDay)—Opioid painkillers after surgery can be the first step toward addiction for some patients. But a common drug might cut the amount of narcotics that patients need, a new study finds.

Children best placed to explain facts of surgery to patients, say experts

December 13, 2017
Getting children to design patient information leaflets may improve patient understanding before they have surgery, finds an article in the Christmas issue of The BMJ.

Burn victim saved by skin grafts from identical twin (Update)

November 23, 2017
A man doomed to die after suffering burns across 95 percent of his body was saved by skin transplants from his identical twin in a world-first operation, French doctors said Thursday.

Is a common shoulder surgery useless?

November 21, 2017
(HealthDay)—New research casts doubt on the true effectiveness of a common type of surgery used to ease shoulder pain.

Study shows electric bandages can fight biofilm infection, antimicrobial resistance

November 6, 2017
Researchers at The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center have shown - for the first time - that special bandages using weak electric fields to disrupt bacterial biofilm infection can prevent infections, combat antibiotic ...

Obesity increases incidence, severity, costs of knee dislocations

November 3, 2017
A new study of more than 19,000 knee dislocation cases in the U.S. between 2000 and 2012 provides a painful indication of how the nation's obesity epidemic is changing the risk, severity and cost of a traumatic injury.

0 comments

Please sign in to add a comment. Registration is free, and takes less than a minute. Read more

Click here to reset your password.
Sign in to get notified via email when new comments are made.