High rates of missed diagnoses of fetal alcohol syndrome

January 13, 2015

High rates of missed diagnoses of fetal alcohol syndrome
(HealthDay)—Among youth, the rate of missed diagnosis or misdiagnosis of fetal alcohol spectrum disorders is 86.5 percent, according to a study published online Jan. 12 in Pediatrics.

Ira J. Chasnoff, M.D., from the Children's Research Triangle in Chicago, and colleagues collected data from a sample of 547 children among a population of foster and adopted youth who underwent a comprehensive multidisciplinary diagnostic evaluation. Children were diagnosed with fetal alcohol syndrome, partial , alcohol-related neurodevelopmental disorder, or alcohol-related birth defects using current diagnostic criteria.

The researchers found that 125 of the 156 children and adolescents who met criteria for a diagnosis within the fetal alcohol spectrum had never been diagnosed as affected by prenatal alcohol exposure (missed diagnosis rate, 80.1 percent). Of the 31 children who had been recognized as affected by before referral, 10 diagnoses were changed within the spectrum (misdiagnosis rate, 6.4 percent). The diagnoses of the remaining 21 children stayed the same. Significant changes were seen in the rate of mental health diagnoses; in a considerable number of with fetal , objective signs of neurocognitive damage (learning disorders, communication disorders, and intellectual disability) were not recognized.

"Within this clinical sample, 86.5 percent of youth with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders had never been previously diagnosed or had been misdiagnosed," the authors write. "These high rates of missed diagnoses and have significant implications for intervention and therapeutic services."

Explore further: Study reveals much higher prevalence of fetal alcohol exposure

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