Simple test to detect diabetes risk after pregnancy

Pregnancy
Pregnancy test. Credit: public domain

Gestational diabetes is one of the most common conditions that can occur during pregnancy. Although the symptoms generally disappear after delivery, women suffering from gestational diabetes are at increased risk of developing postpartum diabetes in the following years. Researchers at the Helmholtz Zentrum München have now developed an accurate method of predicting the probability of developing this progressive disease following childbirth. Their findings were published recently in Acta Diabetologica.

For their study, the scientists from the Institute of Diabetes Research (IDF), Helmholtz Zentrum München, which is one of the partners of the German Center for Diabetes Research (DZD), collected data from 257 cases of gestational diabetes (a type of diabetes that affects women during pregnancy) which occurred between 1989 and 1999 and were followed up for a period of 20 years after delivery.

One hundred and ten of the women observed during this period developed postpartum diabetes. In order to be able to predict in which mother the disease would manifest itself after delivery, the team headed by Prof. Anette-Gabriele Ziegler, Director of the Institute of Diabetes Research, tested various parameters that are known to play a significant role in the genesis of the disease.

Personal risk is easy to calculate

"Body mass index (BMI) and both play a role in our calculation, as does the question of whether the mother breastfed her baby and whether her had to be treated with insulin," explains Meike Köhler, first author of the study.

On the basis of these parameters, the researchers introduced a point system to enable them to predict a woman's likelihood of developing postpartum diabetes. For low-risk scores, the probability of developing diabetes within five years after delivery was only about eleven percent; in the medium-risk category it ranged from 29 to 64 percent, while for the highest-risk scores it was more than 80 percent.

"The test we developed is very easy to apply and in the future could be used in hospitals as a tool for predicting postpartum diabetes," Prof. Ziegler added. "This means that both the doctor and the patient are aware of the respective risk, and it allows diabetes checks to be more closely tailored to the patient's individual needs."


Explore further

Gestational diabetes: A diabetes predictor in fathers

More information: M. Köhler et al. Development of a simple tool to predict the risk of postpartum diabetes in women with gestational diabetes mellitus, Acta Diabetologica (2015). DOI: 10.1007/s00592-015-0814-0
Citation: Simple test to detect diabetes risk after pregnancy (2015, October 22) retrieved 19 September 2020 from https://medicalxpress.com/news/2015-10-simple-diabetes-pregnancy.html
This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.
53 shares

Feedback to editors

User comments