Do gun restrictions help reduce gun deaths?

A study by researchers at Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health looked at the associations between firearm-related laws and firearm homicides, suicides, and unintentional injuries and deaths. The paper is the first to explore the evidence from around the world on gun laws and gun violence to determine whether gun restrictions help reduce gun deaths. While the research did not conclusively prove that restrictions, or relaxation of laws, reduce gun deaths, the results indicate that gun violence tended to decline after countries passed new restrictions on gun purchasing and ownership. Findings are published online in the February issue of Epidemiologic Reviews.

The researchers reviewed the findings from 130 studies conducted from 1950 to 2014 in 10 that had overhauled their gun law, mostly in the developed world, including the U.S., Australia, and Austria. A few studies looked at gun laws in middle-income countries, including Brazil, Colombia and South Africa.

"In most countries, we saw evidence of reduction in the firearm death rates after the enactment of firearm legislation" said Julian Santaella-Tenorio, a doctoral student in Epidemiology at Columbia University's Mailman School and the study's lead author.

Santaella-Tenorio and his Columbia co-authors, Professors Magdalena Cerdá and Sandro Galea, also found evidence that specific laws, such as background checks and rules on storage, reduced specific kinds of gun deaths including intimate partner homicides and firearm unintentional deaths in children, respectively.

By comparison, laws in place about carrying concealed weapons or standing your ground either had no effect on deaths or increased . "While our review is not proof that reduce violence, and also taking into account that for some countries there are very few papers examining firearm laws effects, we did see evidence showing an association between firearm laws and a decline in firearm homicide and suicide rates," noted Santaella-Tenorio.

"Since we limited our review to changes in firearm policy and not ownership in general or other types of policy, the debate should not end here."


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Citation: Do gun restrictions help reduce gun deaths? (2016, March 8) retrieved 19 June 2019 from https://medicalxpress.com/news/2016-03-gun-restrictions-deaths.html
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Mar 08, 2016
Gun restrictions only guarantee that when the evil invades your house/business/school, you will be at the criminal's mercy...i.e.=NONE. Guns are your ONLY defense against being shot or raped or whatever by criminals. Do not bother trying to 'fight' because your criminal is WAY more experienced at it than you. Escape if you can, but be warned that your assailant can most likely run faster....experienced at running from cops and other gangsters. Knives will only get you stabbed. If you have a gun then be prepared to use it without hesitation and many times to stop the criminal. Criminals get guns pointed at them often and are skilled at calling bluffs. Fancy combo lock gun cases get people killed at the gun case frantically trying and failing to open them..lost key..wrong key....key upside down...dropped in the dark, etc Gun locks get folks killed for same reason. 'Smart' guns get folks killed when robber kills husband first and wife is left holding husband's gun, etc.

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