Changes in adipose tissue with lack of insulin, IGF-1 receptors

Changes in adipose tissue with lack of insulin, IGF-1 receptors

(HealthDay)—Mice lacking either the insulin receptor (IR), insulin-like growth factor 1 receptor (IGF1R), or both have disruptions in white and brown adipose tissue (WAT and BAT) formation, with an almost complete absence of WAT and BAT in mice lacking both receptors, according to a study published online May 13 in Diabetes.

Jeremie Boucher, Ph.D., from Harvard Medical School in Boston, and colleagues used Cre-recombinase driven by the adiponectin promoter to create lacking IR, IGF1R, or both.

The researchers found that mice lacking IGF1R only (F-IGFRKO) had about a 25 percent reduction in WAT and BAT. An almost complete absence of WAT and BAT was seen in mice lacking both IR and IGF1R (F-IR/IGFRKO). A 95 percent reduction in WAT was seen for F-IRKO mice, but they had a 50 percent increase in BAT with accumulation of large unilocular lipid droplets. F-IRKO and F-IR/IGFRKO mice were unable to maintain body temperature in the cold; they also developed severe diabetes, ectopic lipid accumulation in liver and muscle, and pancreatic islet hyperplasia. In both groups, leptin treatment normalized blood . By 1 year of age, glucose levels also improved spontaneously, despite sustained lipodystrophy and insulin resistance.

"Loss of IR is sufficient to disrupt white fat formation, but not brown fat formation and/or maintenance, although it is required for normal BAT function and temperature homeostasis," the authors write.

One author was an employee of AstraZeneca R&D.

Explore further

Lack of TRPV2 impairs thermogenesis in mouse brown adipose tissue

More information: Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)
Journal information: Diabetes

Copyright © 2016 HealthDay. All rights reserved.

Citation: Changes in adipose tissue with lack of insulin, IGF-1 receptors (2016, May 23) retrieved 17 October 2019 from
This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.

Feedback to editors

User comments

Please sign in to add a comment. Registration is free, and takes less than a minute. Read more