Pfizer says it's blocking use of drugs for lethal injections

Pfizer says it's blocking use of drugs for lethal injections
This April 6, 2016, file photo shows the Pfizer logo appearing on a screen above its trading post on the floor of the New York Stock Exchange. Pfizer said Friday, May 13, 2016, it was blocking use of its drugs in lethal injections, which means all federally-approved drugmakers whose medications could be used for executions have now put them off limits. (AP Photo/Richard Drew)

Pharmaceutical company Pfizer said Friday it was blocking use of its drugs in lethal injections, which means all federally-approved drugmakers whose medications could be used for executions have now put them off limits.

"Pfizer makes its products to enhance and save the lives of the patients we serve. Consistent with these values, Pfizer strongly objects to the use of its products as lethal injections for capital punishment," the company said in the statement made public on its website Friday.

The company's announcement has limited immediate impact. Its action is an enhancement of a previous policy that follows Pfizer's $15.23 billion purchase of Lake Forest, Illinois-based Hospira Inc. last year. Hospira had previously prohibited the use of its drugs in , as have several other drugmakers.

Pfizer shares closed even Friday at $33.19.

The development means the approximately 25 FDA-approved companies worldwide able to manufacture drugs used in executions have now blocked the use of the drugs, according to Reprieve, a New York-based human rights organization opposed to the death penalty.

"Pfizer's actions cement the pharmaceutical industry's opposition to the misuse of medicines," Maya Foia, Reprieve director, said in a statement.

Pfizer's announcement was unlikely to have much effect on executions, which have slowed in recent years as drugmakers' prohibition on the drugs took effect.

However, as recently as last year, records showed that labels of Arkansas execution drugs appeared to indicate that the state's potassium chloride, which stops the heart, was made by Hospira. Pfizer spokeswoman Rachel Hooper said the company couldn't speculate on the impact of its decision.

Ohio, which last executed an inmate in January 2014, has repeatedly pushed back executions while it looks for drugs. It now has more than two dozen inmates with firm execution dates, but no drugs to put prisoners to death with.

Some remaining have been using compounded versions of drugs that fall outside of FDA approval.

Texas, with the country's busiest death chamber, obtains its pentobarbital for lethal injections from a supplier the state identifies only as a licensed compounding pharmacy. A law that took effect last year keeps the identity of the provider confidential. The state has carried out six executions so far in 2016. At least eight are scheduled for the coming months, including two in June.

Texas is fighting a lawsuit trying to force it to identify drugmakers from April 2014, when attorneys unsuccessfully filed appeals to stop two executions by seeking the identity of the drug providers, and September 2015, when the state's secrecy law took effect.

Similar lawsuits about whether states must identify their providers have been argued in states including Georgia, Arkansas and Missouri.

There have been 14 executions in the U.S. so far in 2016 in five states: six in Texas, five in Georgia and one each in Alabama, Florida and Missouri. Last year, there were 28 in six states.

Some states have passed laws allowing older methods of execution if needed. Last year, Utah approved the use of firing squads for executions if drugs aren't available, while Oklahoma became the first state to approve nitrogen gas for executions if lethal injection drugs become unavailable or are deemed unconstitutional.

In 2014, Tennessee passed a law allowing the use of the electric chair if lethal drugs can't be found. Virginia is debating a similar bill.

The seven drugs affected by Pfizer's policy: pancuronium bromide, , propofol, midazolam, hydromorphone, rocuronium bromide and vecuronium bromide.


Explore further

Supreme court backs use of drug implicated in 'botched' executions

© 2016 The Associated Press. All rights reserved.

Citation: Pfizer says it's blocking use of drugs for lethal injections (2016, May 14) retrieved 22 October 2019 from https://medicalxpress.com/news/2016-05-pfizer-blocking-drugs-lethal.html
This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.
22 shares

Feedback to editors

User comments

May 15, 2016
The government will have no choice but to use the lethal material available to them: prisoners will be forced to drink the tap water from Flint, Michigan...or would that be 'cruel and unusual punishment'??

May 15, 2016
The most humane way to die is through oxygen deprivation with a CO2 filter. We are unable to detect a lack of oxygen in the air. We detect a lack of fresh air by the build up of CO2: we can detect CO2 in the air.

So if you are deprived of oxygen you at first feel drunk and happy, then a little dopey, then you fall asleep and later you die, after about 5 minutes.

It is peaceful, calm and natural and requires no drugs at all.

I have seen it demonstrated. A host of a science show went into a booth that extracted CO2. He was totally calm, talking back into the microphone, reported the drunken affect and just before he fell asleep they got him out. But he was totally calm all the time and said that it was quite pleasant. He was demonstrating that we can not detect the lack of oxygen in the air.

That is the simple solution: cheap, quick, foolproof, humane and natural...

Please sign in to add a comment. Registration is free, and takes less than a minute. Read more