Is sex in later years good for your health?

Is sex in later years good for your health?
"These findings challenge the widely held assumption that sex brings uniform health benefits to everyone," said Hui Liu, Michigan State University sociologist. Credit: Michigan State University

Having sex frequently - and enjoying it - puts older men at higher risk for heart attacks and other cardiovascular problems. For older women, however, good sex may actually lower the risk of hypertension.

That's according to the first large-scale study of how sex affects heart health in later life. The federally funded research, led by a Michigan State University scholar, is slated to be published online Sept. 6 in the Journal of Health and Social Behavior.

"These findings challenge the widely held assumption that sex brings uniform health benefits to everyone," said Hui Liu, MSU associate professor of sociology.

Liu and colleagues analyzed survey data from 2,204 people in the National Social Life, Health and Aging Project. Participants were aged 57-85 when the first wave of data was collected in 2005-06; another round of data was collected five years later. Cardiovascular risk was measured as hypertension, rapid heart rate, elevated C-reactive protein and general cardiovascular events: heart attack, heart failure and stroke.

Older men who had sex once a week or more were much more likely to experience cardiovascular events five years later than men who were sexually inactive, the study found. This risk was not found among .

"Strikingly, we find that having sex once a week or more puts older men at a risk for experiencing cardiovascular events that is almost two times greater than older men who are sexually inactive," said Liu. "Moreover, older men who found sex with their partner extremely pleasurable or satisfying had higher risk of than men who did not feel so."

She said the findings suggest the strain and demands from a sexual relationship may be more relevant for men as they get older, become increasingly frail and suffer more sexual problems.

"Because older men have more difficulties reaching orgasm for medical or emotional reasons than do their younger counterparts, they may exert themselves to a greater degree of exhaustion and create more stress on their cardiovascular system in order to achieve climax."

Testosterone levels and the use of medication to improve sexual function may also play a role. "Although scientific evidence is still rare," Liu said, "it is likely that such sexual medication or supplements have negative effects on older men's cardiovascular health."

Ultimately, while moderate amounts of sex may promote health among , having sex too frequently or too enjoyably may be a risk factor for , Liu said. "Physicians should talk to older male patients about potential risks of high levels of sexual activity and perhaps screen those who frequently have sex for cardiovascular issues."

For women, it was a different story. Female participants who found to be extremely pleasurable or satisfying had lower risk of hypertension five years later than female participants who did not feel so.

"For women, we have good news: Good sexual quality may protect older women from in later life," Liu said.

Previous studies suggest that strong, deep and close relationship is an important source of social and emotional support, which may reduce stress and promote psychological well-being and, in turn, cardiovascular health.

"This may be more relevant to women than to men," Liu said, "because men in all relationships, regardless of quality, are more likely to receive support from their partner than are women. However, only women in good quality relationships may acquire such benefits from their partner."

Moreover, the female sexual hormone released during orgasm may also promote women's health, she said.


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Sep 06, 2016
Has the author tried comparing these activities with others that increase heart rate and blood flow by similar amounts? It stands to reason that many other activities related to a healthy sex life could also bring these effects.

Dug
Sep 06, 2016
Let's face it - publishing articles in "Health and Social Behavior" isn't going to peg the hard science meter - except in the low range. It seems once you include the word "social" in connection to science, any science that might have and and or should have been involved - seems to have been lost.

Clearly, in older males their underlying health issues, genetic predisposition and general fitness condition have to be closely correlated as well to mortality events, not just age. As pointed out above, any physical exertion at the same level for the same period of time that is producing the same BP and heart rate - should have the same cardiac consequences.

Or, is the "social message" herein that older men having sex is just inappropriate and "bad." Since we all leave this world one way or another, perhaps we should all be so fortunate as to have the "big one" while we are having a "big one." Beats the hell out of wasting away - physically or mentally.

Sep 07, 2016
Question: who are the women who benefit from elder sex going to have sex with, if older men are discouraged from having sex? Looks like an opening (no pun intended) for young men making it with older women.

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