Scientists improve people's creativity through electrical brain stimulation

June 7, 2017, Queen Mary, University of London
The participants were asked to solve 'matchstick problems' to test their creative problem solving ability Credit: Dr Luft/QMUL

Scientists have found a way to improve creativity through brain stimulation, according to researchers at Queen Mary University of London (QMUL) and Goldsmiths University of London.

They achieved this by temporarily suppressing a key part of the frontal brain called the left (DLPFC), which is involved in most of our thinking and reasoning.

The results, published in the journal Scientific Reports, show that participants who received the intervention showed an enhanced ability to 'think outside the box'.

"We solve problems by applying rules we learn from experience, and the DLPFC plays a key role in automating this process," commented Dr Caroline Di Bernardi Luft, first author from QMUL's School of Biological and Chemical Sciences who conducted the research while previously working at Goldsmiths University of London, with Dr Michael Banissy and Professor Joydeep Bhattacharya.

"It works fine most of the time, but fails spectacularly when we encounter new problems which require a new style of thinking - our past experience can indeed block our creativity. To break this mental fixation, we need to loosen up our learned rules," added Dr Luft.

The researchers used a technique called transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS), which involved passing a weak constant electrical current through saline-soaked electrodes positioned over the scalp to modulate the excitability of the DLPFC. Depending on the direction of the current flow, DLPFC was temporarily suppressed or activated. The very low currents applied ensured that it would not cause any harm or unpleasant sensation.

Sixty participants were tested on their creative problem solving ability before and after receiving one of the following interventions: DLPFC being suppressed, DLPFC being activated, and DLPFC being unstimulated. The participants solved "matchstick problems", some of which are hard, because to solve these problems, participants need to relax the learnt rules of arithmetic and algebra.

The participants whose DLPFC was temporarily suppressed by the electrical stimulation were more likely to solve hard problems than other participants whose DLPFC was activated or not stimulated. This demonstrates that suppressing DLPFC briefly can help breaking mental assumptions learned from experience and thinking outside the box.

But the researchers also observed that these participants got worse at solving problems with a higher working memory demand (where many items are needed to be held in mind at once). These problems require the participants to try a number of different moves until finding the solution, which means they have to keep track of their mental operations.

"These results are important because they show the potential of improving mental functions relevant for by non-invasive methods," commented Dr Luft.

"However, our results also suggest that potential applications of this technique will have to consider the target cognitive effects in more detail rather than just assuming tDCS can improve cognition as claimed by some companies which are starting to sell tDCS machines for home users," she added.

"I would say that we are not yet in a position to wear an electrical hat and start stimulating our brain hoping for a blanket cognitive gain."

Explore further: No evidence that brain-stimulation technique boosts cognitive training: study

More information: 'Relaxing learned constraints through cathodal tDCS on the left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex'. Caroline Di Bernardi Luft, Ioanna Zioga, Michael J Banissy, and Joydeep Bhattacharya. Scientific Reports.

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4 comments

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antialias_physorg
5 / 5 (1) Jun 07, 2017
"The very low currents applied ensured that it would not cause any harm or unpleasant sensation."

I'm not sure if one were to apply this over long periods of time (e.g. as a 'lifestyle gadget') whether this wouldn't have (negative) lasting effects.

Don't screw with your brains. It's the only thing you cannot do without.
RealScience
not rated yet Jun 07, 2017
"The very low currents applied ensured that it would not cause any harm or unpleasant sensation."

I'm not sure if one were to apply this over long periods of time (e.g. as a 'lifestyle gadget') whether this wouldn't have (negative) lasting effects.

Don't screw with your brains. It's the only thing you cannot do without.


We screw with our brains all the time - alcohol, coffee, staying up late, etc.

But I agree that it is sensible to be quite cautious when a NEW way to alter your brain comes around. What is useful in small occasional doses may be very harmful in larger or more-frequent doses.

antialias_physorg
4 / 5 (1) Jun 08, 2017
"We screw with our brains all the time - alcohol, coffee, staying up late, etc."

Well, the answer is: don't - at least not on a continual basis.

That doesn't mean that the a party night or the social beer or two on occasion (or the cup of coffee every now and then) is going to be a problem.

But when you get to a place where you can't function at your best without these things (e.g. when you can't really get going in the mornings without having a coffee or when you need a cigarette/beer just to feel 'calm' ) - then the trouble starts.

The brain has some short term and long term plasticity. When you get into long term changes that rely on external stimuli you're setting yourself up for a hard fall.
henden_g
not rated yet Jun 09, 2017
The brain has some short term and long term plasticity. When you get into long term changes that rely on external stimuli you're setting yourself up for a hard fall.


No shit Sherlock. Thanks for rubbing it. Ever considered if this could actually be a way out for the "fallen?" I'm sure I'm not the only one desperate for this technology to develop.

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