A recent study found an elevated risk of heart failure in more than half of older individuals, and this risk was significantly associated with vitamin D deficiency. Specifically, vitamin D deficiency was linked with a 12.2-times increased risk of heart failure.
The study, which involved an analysis of the medical records of 137 individuals in Brazil aged 60 years and older, also revealed increased heart failure risks in men, obese individuals, and those with heart arrhythmias.
The findings are published in ESC Heart Failure.
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Catarina Magalhães Porto et al, Association between vitamin D deficiency and heart failure risk in the elderly, ESC Heart Failure (2017). DOI: 10.1002/ehf2.12198