Analysis of the 9p21.3 sequence associated with coronary artery disease

March 26, 2018, Rapamycin Press
Analysis of the 9p21.3 sequence associated with coronary artery disease
The diagram showing a general scheme of TAR cloning of a region of interest (in red) from total genomic DNA (in blue) with a linearized TAR vector containing a yeast selectable marker HIS3, centromeric sequence from chromosome 6 (CEN6) and two unique targeting sequences (hook1 and hook2) homologous to 5' and 3' ends of the targeted region. After co-transformation into yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, recombination between targeting sequences in the vector and the targeted sequences of the genomic DNA fragment leads to the rescue of the fragment as a circular YAC (yeast artificial chromosome) molecule. For TAR cloning experiments, the vector DNA is linearized by a unique endonuclease located between the hooks to expose targeting sequences. Credit: Natalay Kouprina

Before a conclusive link between the SDs and the cardiovascular diseases can be made, further analysis is required on the CAD interval in more patients with coronary artery disease and in the human population, using the TAR cloning technique in combination with qPCR or Droplet digital PCR developed in this work.

The research team said that "in the past years, an emerging group of have been described that result from DNA rearrangements rather than from single nucleotide changes. In humans, copy-number variations of such repeats have been implicated in common traits such as neuropathy, hypertension, color blindness, infertility, and behavioral traits, including autism and schizophrenia, as well as susceptibility to HIV, lupus nephritis, psoriasis and Parkinsons disease."

In this work, they focused on the analysis of structural variations within the CAD interval sequence using different approaches, including re-isolation of this by the transformation-associated recombination cloning technique.

Here, they used TAR cloning for isolation of the CAD region from a somatic peripheral blood mononuclear cells line derived from a coronary artery disease patient with unique mutations within the CAD interval.

Based on the of TAR isolates, the CAD region in this cell line contains four 50 kb units that are organized as tandem repeats. Secondly, the CAD region does not contain any open reading frames that are easily identified by Next-Generation Sequencing. Thirdly, there is a relatively high density of SINE and LINE repeats within the region.

This makes it a problem to assemble the duplicated sequences using the multitude short reads obtained from Next-Generation Genome Sequencing.

The identification of SDs within the SPANX-B locus at Xq27 is a good example of such problems.

It is worth noting that the presence of SDs within the SPANX-B locus at Xq27 was determined only by direct TAR cloning of the SPANX-B region from human genomes.

The duplication was only detected within the data when they specifically called for a comparison between the number of sequence reads in the duplicated area versus the BAC backbone. Thus, the number of duplications may affect the level of ANRIL expression or splicing of this non-coding RNA located within the duplicated region that may determine predisposition to CAD.

The research team applied Transformation-Associated Recombination cloning, a versatile technique for large DNA manipulation, to selectively isolate the coronary artery disease interval sequence within the 9p21.3 chromosome locus from a patient with and normal individuals.

Sequence analysis revealed that the repeats varied by 10-15 SNPs between each other and by 82 SNPs between the . The junction sequences contained an Alu element, a sequence previously shown to play a role in duplication.

Explore further: Five vascular diseases linked to one common genetic variant

More information: Natalay Kouprina et al. Analysis of the 9p21.3 sequence associated with coronary artery disease reveals a tendency for duplication in a CAD patient, Oncotarget (2018). DOI: 10.18632/oncotarget.24567

Related Stories

Five vascular diseases linked to one common genetic variant

July 27, 2017
Genome-wide association studies have implicated a common genetic variant in chromosome 6p24 in coronary artery disease, as well as four other vascular diseases: migraine headache, cervical artery dissection, fibromuscular ...

Percutaneous coronary intervention is a well-justified option in severe coronary artery disease

December 12, 2017
The treatment of left main coronary artery disease by percutaneous coronary intervention is associated with a smaller risk of severe cardiovascular events than coronary artery bypass grafting in the weeks following surgery. ...

Recommended for you

Scientists identify critical cancer immunity genes using new genetic barcoding technology

October 20, 2018
Scientists at Mount Sinai have developed a novel technology for simultaneously analyzing the functions of hundreds of genes with resolution reaching the single cell level. The technology relies on a barcoding approach using ...

A single missing gene leads to miscarriage

October 19, 2018
A single gene from the mother plays such a crucial role in the development of the placenta that its dysfunction leads to miscarriages. Researchers from the Medical Faculty of Ruhr-Universität Bochum (RUB) have observed this ...

Making gene therapy delivery safer and more efficient

October 18, 2018
Viral vectors used to deliver gene therapies undergo spontaneous changes during manufacturing which affects their structure and function, found researchers from the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania ...

Student develops microfluidics device to help scientists identify early genetic markers of cancer

October 16, 2018
As anyone who has played "Where's Waldo" knows, searching for a single item in a landscape filled with a mélange of characters and objects can be a challenge. Chrissy O'Keefe, a Ph.D. student in the Department of Biomedical ...

Researchers use brain cells in a dish to study genetic origins of schizophrenia

October 16, 2018
A study in Biological Psychiatry has established a new analytical method for investigating the complex genetic origins of mental illnesses using brain cells that are grown in a dish from human embryonic stem cells. Researchers ...

Why heart contractions are weaker in those with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy

October 16, 2018
When a young athlete suddenly dies of a heart attack, chances are high that they suffer from familial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). Itis the most common genetic heart disease in the US and affects an estimated 1 in 500 ...

0 comments

Please sign in to add a comment. Registration is free, and takes less than a minute. Read more

Click here to reset your password.
Sign in to get notified via email when new comments are made.