Diet-treated chronic illness may lead to disordered eating
Jenny H. Conviser, Psy.D., from the Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine in Chicago, and colleagues conducted a systematic literature review to identify articles that examined the relation between diet-treated chronic illness (diabetes, cystic fibrosis, celiac disease, gastrointestinal disorders, and inflammatory bowel diseases) and disordered eating in children.
The researchers found that diet-treated chronic illness was associated with disordered eating and eating disorders. In most studies, diet-treated chronic illness predated disordered eating, except with inflammatory bowel diseases. The risk for poor medical outcomes was heightened with disordered eating and unhealthy weight management practices in children.
"Future research is needed to elucidate the mechanisms that transform standard treatment practices into pathological eating, including characteristics and behaviors of the child, parents/care providers, family, and treatment providers," the authors write.
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