How the skin protects

skin
Human skin structure. Credit: Wikipedia

Epidermis, the outermost layer of the skin, provides the critical protective barrier needed for terrestrial life. The process of epidermal barrier formation includes conversion of the essential fatty acid linoleate into skin-relevant oxidized lipids.

Two lipoxygenase enzymes, 12R– LOX and eLOX3, initiate this conversion . An inactivating mutation in either leads to trans-epidermal water loss and the fish-skin symptoms of congenital ichthyosis. But how this oxidation pathway is completed was not clear.

Now in a study published in the Journal of Lipid Research, Alan Brash, PhD, and colleagues evaluated candidate epoxide hydrolase enzymes that could participate in this conversion. They found that the enzymes EPHX2 and EPHX3 produce the end products of the 12R-LOX pathway in the epidermis, implicating their role in the formation of the mammalian water permeability barrier.

This work not only extends the basic understanding of a vital process for mammalian survival, it suggests a possible avenue for improving treatment of common skin conditions such as atopic dermatitis.


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More information: Haruto Yamanashi et al. Catalytic activities of mammalian epoxide hydrolases withcisandtransfatty acid epoxides relevant to skin barrier function, Journal of Lipid Research (2018). DOI: 10.1194/jlr.M082701
Journal information: Journal of Lipid Research

Citation: How the skin protects (2018, April 20) retrieved 23 April 2019 from https://medicalxpress.com/news/2018-04-skin.html
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