Preschooler's perfectionism may predict OCD in adolescence

August 8, 2018

(HealthDay)—Tendencies toward perfectionism and excessive self-control in children are associated with the onset of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and smaller dorsal anterior cingulate cortex (dACC) volumes in later childhood and adolescence, according to a study published online July 18 in JAMA Psychiatry.

Kirsten E. Gilbert, Ph.D., from Washington University in St. Louis, and colleagues assessed whether an observed indicator of heightened performance monitoring during the preschool age is associated with later onset of OCD and altered dACC volume through adolescence. The sample included 292 children participating in the Preschool Depression Study.

The researchers found that when controlling for demographic and clinical indicators, those who exhibited observed heightened performance monitoring were two times more likely to develop OCD during the next 12 years (odds ratio, 2.00; P = 0.03). Magnetic resonance imaging indicated that heightened performance monitoring was associated with smaller right dACC volume (P = 0.03).

"Early childhood observed is a readily observed risk factor of OCD that can be identified in preschool-aged children," the authors write.

One author disclosed financial ties to the pharmaceutical industry.

Explore further: Perfectionism in young children may indicate OCD risk

More information: Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Related Stories

Perfectionism in young children may indicate OCD risk

July 19, 2018
Studying young children, researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis found that kids who possess tendencies toward perfectionism and excessive self-control are twice as likely as other children to ...

Relapse in major depression linked to brain cortical changes

March 30, 2018
(HealthDay)—For patients with major depressive disorder (MDD), relapse is associated with brain cortical changes over two years, according to a study published online March 28 in JAMA Psychiatry.

Older age tied to poorer course of major depressive disorder

June 8, 2018
(HealthDay)—Older age is associated with poorer course of major depressive disorder (MDD), according to a study published online June 7 in The Lancet Psychiatry.

Risk of secondary ADHD higher after childhood TBI

March 20, 2018
(HealthDay)—Children with early childhood traumatic brain injury (TBI) have increased risk of secondary attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (SADHD), according to a study published online March 19 in JAMA Pediatrics.

New study finds younger aged children with symptoms of ADHD have reduced brain size

March 26, 2018
Children as young as four years old with symptoms of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) showed reduced brain volumes in regions essential for behavioral control, according to a study published today in the Journal ...

Dynamics of brain volume loss vary with MS progression

July 3, 2018
(HealthDay)—Brain volume loss (BVL) has nonlinear dynamics and limited reproducibility as a marker of therapeutic response in multiple sclerosis (MS), according to a study published online July 2 in JAMA Neurology.

Recommended for you

People are more honest when using a foreign tongue, research finds

August 17, 2018
New UChicago-led research suggests that someone who speaks in a foreign language is probably more credible than the average native speaker.

FDA approves brain stimulation device for OCD

August 17, 2018
(HealthDay)—A brain stimulation device to treat obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) has received approval for marketing Friday by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.

16 going on 66: Will you be the same person 50 years from now?

August 17, 2018
How much do you change between high school and retirement? The answer depends on whether you're comparing yourself to others or to your younger self.

Research eyes role of stress in mental illnesses

August 17, 2018
We all face stress in our lives. Even researchers seeking to understand why some people shrug it off while others face battles against disorders like depression or PTSD.

It's okay when you're not okay: Study re-evaluates resilience in adults

August 16, 2018
Adversity is part of life: Loved ones die. Soldiers deploy to war. Patients receive terminal diagnoses.

Men and women show surprising differences in seeing motion

August 16, 2018
Researchers reporting in the journal Current Biology on August 16 have found an unexpected difference between men and women. On average, their studies show, men pick up on visual motion significantly faster than women do.

0 comments

Please sign in to add a comment. Registration is free, and takes less than a minute. Read more

Click here to reset your password.
Sign in to get notified via email when new comments are made.