Researchers develop new devices to test retinal cells

Researchers develop new devices to test retinal cells
Farhad Farjood is the lead author on a study that describes new methods to mechanically stress retinal cells. Credit: Utah State University

Researchers at Utah State University have developed new devices to mechanically stress human cells in the lab.

In a study published in Lab on a Chip, researchers Elizabeth Vargis, a USU assistant professor of biological engineering and Farhad Farjood, a Ph.D. student in Vargis' Lab, wanted to better understand the triggers of (AMD), a and the leading cause of adult blindness in developed countries. Physical changes within the retina are an important factor in the development of AMD. However, the effect of physical changes during the disease is not clearly understood.

"Physical changes that occur prior to or during disease are difficult to model outside of the body," said Vargis. "We know that these changes are important, so we decided to build devices to better replicate them."

Currently there are no devices to realistically model varying levels of physical disruption available on the market. Therefore the researchers created two new devices: one that mimics slow and continuous stress levels and one for mimicking high levels of stress.

Researchers develop new devices to test retinal cells
Credit: Utah State University

"We used these devices to replicate stress on retinal cells and found that results in the expression of vascular , a protein that can cause disease initiation and progression," said Farjood.

The purpose of the study was to mimic changes in cells and find the mechanisms for the initiation and progression of diseases. The study looks at the effects of mechanical stress on elevated protein levels and abnormal development of .

Researchers develop new devices to test retinal cells
Farhad Farjood and Elizabeth Vargis are developing new devices to test retinal cells. Credit: Utah State University

Besides AMD, mechanical stress can occur in other diseases including diabetic retinopathy and even cancer.

"There are many clinical studies taking place to discover the causes of disease," said Farjood. "Our work is an example of how engineering techniques can help us better understand the disease mechanisms."


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More information: Farhad Farjood et al, Novel devices for studying acute and chronic mechanical stress in retinal pigment epithelial cells, Lab on a Chip (2018). DOI: 10.1039/C8LC00659H
Journal information: Lab on a Chip

Citation: Researchers develop new devices to test retinal cells (2018, October 24) retrieved 21 October 2021 from https://medicalxpress.com/news/2018-10-devices-retinal-cells.html
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