Newly discovered Ebolavirus may not cause severe disease in humans

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Researchers from the University of Kent's School of Biosciences have provided evidence that a newly discovered Ebolavirus may not be as deadly as other species to humans.

The new Bombali was discovered in bats in Sierra Leone and has also now been reported in bats in Kenya. To date, it was unclear whether the Bombali virus may be pathogenic to humans.

Dr. Mark Wass and Professor Martin Michaelis developed a to compare the amino acid sequences of virus proteins to identify positions that determine whether a virus causes disease in humans.

Their findings showed that certain positions in the VP24 protein of the Bombali virus are identical to the Reston virus, another member of the Ebolavirus family that is not pathogenic in humans. This is consistent with the origin of the Bombali virus, which was isolated from that were cohabitating with humans in houses and other populated areas. Although this makes contact highly likely, no disease outbreaks have been reported

Dr. Wass said: 'Based on our findings, it does not seem likely that the Bombali virus causes severe disease in humans. However, we need to be careful as we know that a few mutations may change this and result in another Ebolavirus that poses a threat to humans. Hence, Bombali virus evolution should be carefully monitored.'

The study 'Is the Bombali virus pathogenic in humans?' is published in the journal Bioinformatics.


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More information: Henry J Martell et al, Is the bombali virus pathogenic in humans?, Bioinformatics (2019). DOI: 10.1093/bioinformatics/btz267
Journal information: Bioinformatics

Provided by University of Kent
Citation: Newly discovered Ebolavirus may not cause severe disease in humans (2019, April 24) retrieved 19 July 2019 from https://medicalxpress.com/news/2019-04-newly-ebolavirus-severe-disease-humans.html
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