Patient shielding provides negligible benefits while increasing risks
A new study published in the April 2019 issue of the American Journal of Roentgenology (AJR) makes the case for why it is time to abandon the practice of patient shielding in radiology.
The article, "Patient Shielding in Diagnostic Imaging: Discontinuing a Legacy Practice" reviews the historical rationale for patient shielding, and why the risks that come with patient shielding now outweigh what little benefit still exists, if any.
Patient shielding was first introduced as a regulation in 1976 and the wording has not changed since the initial version was released. The regulation was intended to protect from the hereditary risks of radiation exposure. However, as the authors note, no hereditary effects have been observed in humans in the four decades since the regulation was introduced.
The authors also point out that radiation doses have decreased significantly in recent decades thanks to advances in imaging technology. For instance, radiation doses to patients undergoing anteroposterior examinations of the pelvis have decreased more than 96% over the last 60 years. They also point out that as more imaging technologies rely on automatic exposure control, patient shields can lead to an increase in radiation doses and a decrease in image quality if they obstruct the field of view.
"Although the need to abandon this practice is clear, it is incumbent on health care professionals to help patients feel confident about the care they receive," the authors said. "This is especially important regarding issues of radiation risk, for which misinformation is rampant. Consequently, how to address patient concerns as facilities stop providing patient shielding should be considered."