Artificial nose identifies malignant tissue in brain tumours during surgery

Artificial nose identifies malignant tissue in brain tumours during surgery
Flue gas created by an electric knife is fed directly into the measurement system. Credit: Antti Roine

An artificial nose developed at Tampere University, Finland, helps neurosurgeons to identify cancerous tissue during surgery and enables more precise excision of tumors.

Electrosurgical resection using devices such as an electric knife or diathermy blade is currently a widely used technique in neurosurgery. When is burned, tissue molecules are dispersed in the form of surgical smoke. In the method developed by researchers at Tampere University, the surgical smoke is fed into a new type of measuring system that can identify malignant tissue and distinguish it from healthy tissue.

An article on using surgical smoke to identify brain tumors was recently published in the Journal of Neurosurgery.

"In current clinical practice, frozen section analysis is the gold standard for intraoperative tumor identification. In that method, a small sample of the tumor is given to a pathologist during surgery," says researcher Ilkka Haapala from Tampere University.

The pathologist undertakes a microscopic analysis of the sample and phones the operating theatre to report the results. "Our new method offers both a promising way to identify in and the ability to study several samples from different points of the tumor," Haapala explains.

"The specific advantage of the equipment is that it can be connected to the instrumentation already present in neurosurgical operating theatres," Haapala says.

The technology is based on differential mobility spectrometry (DMS), wherein ions are fed into an . The distribution of ions in the electric field is tissue-specific, and the tissue can be identified on the basis of the resulting "odor fingerprint."

The study analysed 694 tissue samples collected from 28 brain tumors and control specimens.

The equipment used was developed specifically for the study. It consists of a machine learning system, which analyses the flue gas with DMS technology, and an electric knife, which is used to produce the flue gas from the tissues.

The system's classification accuracy was 83 percent when all the samples were analyzed. The accuracy improved in more restricted settings. When comparing low malignancy tumors (gliomas) to control samples, the classification accuracy of the system was 94 percent, reaching to 97 percent sensitivity and 90 percent specificity.


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Journal information: Journal of Neurosurgery

Provided by University of Tampere
Citation: Artificial nose identifies malignant tissue in brain tumours during surgery (2019, June 17) retrieved 3 August 2020 from https://medicalxpress.com/news/2019-06-artificial-nose-malignant-tissue-brain.html
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