Parents of depressed teens in treatment may also benefit from counseling
Teen depression can affect parents' marital satisfaction, a new Northwestern Medicine study has found. Parents often seek mental health treatment for a child struggling with depression, but the treatment shouldn't stop with the depressed teen, suggests the study.
The study found that while depressed teens were involved in active treatment, parents' marriages and parent-child conflict remained stable. Once the teens' treatment had finished, however, parents' marital relationships slightly worsened, the study found.
"Families might be putting their own issues on the back burner while their teen gets help," said first author Kelsey Howard, a doctoral candidate in clinical psychology at Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine. "Once the treatment ends, they're forced to face issues in their marriage or family that might have been simmering while their depressed teen was being treated."
To address this, Howard and her co-authors recommend that parents of teens who are depressed also have a check-in for their marital relationship.
"Families are interactive, fragile ecosystems, and a shift in a teenager's mood can undoubtedly alter the family's balance—negatively or positively," Howard said.
While adolescent depression is well known to be a stressor for parents and families, this is one of only a few studies to examine how adolescent depression impacts family relationships and, in turn, how family relationships impact adolescent depression.
The study was published June 6 in the Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology.
The study found that parents of teens who had higher depressive symptoms at the end of their treatment experienced more marital problems and more parent-child conflict at later study visits. Conversely, parents whose kids showed fewer depressive symptoms at the end of treatment saw an improvement in later parent-child conflict.
"This study is important in that very little research has examined the effect of treating teens, with medication or psychotherapy, on family relationships," said Mark A. Reinecke, chief of psychology in the department of psychiatry and behavioral sciences at Feinberg."Findings in this area have been inconsistent, and the effects can be subtle.
"The take-home message—that teen depression can affect families, and that parents of depressed teens may need support—is entirely sensible. It's something we should all keep in mind."
The study was a secondary analysis of data from 322 clinically depressed youths who participated in the 2007 Treatment for Adolescents with Depression Study, a landmark study on treating adolescent depression. As part of this study, adolescents' depression was measured during the treatment period, which lasted 36 weeks, and for one year afterward.
More information: Kelsey R. Howard et al. Marital and Parent-Child Relationships during Treatment for Adolescent Depression: Child-Driven and Bidirectional Effects, Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology (2019). DOI: 10.1007/s10802-019-00566-x