Certain genetic variants predispose patients with diabetes to kidney disease

kidney
Credit: CC0 Public Domain

In an unprecedented scale, researchers have begun to unravel the genetics that may predispose some individuals to develop kidney disease once they have diabetes, independent of the degree of blood sugar control. The findings appear in an upcoming issue of JASN.

Many individuals with type 1 diabetes develop kidney despite adequate blood sugar control, while others maintain normal kidney function despite long-term high blood sugar levels. Studies have shown that diabetic kidney disease (DKD) has a heritable component, but little is known about the genes involved.

To identify genetic variants that predispose people to DKD, Jose C. Florez, MD, Ph.D. (Massachusetts General Hospital, Broad Institute, Harvard Medical School) and his colleagues completed genome-wide association analyses in 19,406 individuals of European descent with type 1 diabetes, with and without . The researchers identified 16 novel gene regions linked to DKD, and they provided supportive biological data related to this link for some of them. For example, the team uncovered a variant at COL4A3, a gene that encodes a collagen protein that is important to health.

"This study represents a substantial advance in the genetics of DKD, where previous studies had yielded few robust associations," said Dr. Florez. "The 16 DKD-associated regions provide novel insights into the pathogenesis of DKD, identifying potential biological targets for prevention and treatment."


Explore further

Study questions certain treatments for diabetic patients at high risk for heart disease

More information: "Genome-Wide Association Study of Diabetic Kidney Disease Highlights Biology Involved in Glomerular Basement Membrane Collagen," Journal of the American Society of Nephrology, DOI: 10.1681/ASN.2019030218
Citation: Certain genetic variants predispose patients with diabetes to kidney disease (2019, September 19) retrieved 15 November 2019 from https://medicalxpress.com/news/2019-09-genetic-variants-predispose-patients-diabetes.html
This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.
 shares

Feedback to editors

User comments