Doctors don't realize hair care prevents many African-American women from exercise

Doctors don't realize hair care prevents many African-American women from exercise
Kristian Mines (left) has her hair done in a Columbus, Ohio salon. The time and money spent on hair care is a common barrier to exercise for African American women, but finding a style that can withstand a sweaty workout can help them stay active. Credit: The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center

New research from The Ohio State University Wexner Medicine Center identifies a gap in doctor knowledge and understanding of hair care as a barrier to exercise among African American female patients.

The study, published in the Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine, found an overwhelming majority of primary care doctors talk to their African American female patients about the importance of exercise as part of a healthy lifestyle, but three quarters of them never discuss how hair care affects physical activity.

"As physicians, if we don't have those specific conversations, we're not doing everything that we can to decrease this barrier and help African American women overcome what they feel is holding them back from exercise," said Dr. Sophia Tolliver, a family medicine physician at The Ohio State Wexner Medical Center who led the study.

Tolliver surveyed doctors, and physician assistants in the Department of Family Medicine at Ohio State, a large urban academic medical center. Ninety-five percent of respondents sometimes/often engage in discussions with African American female patients about exercise. However, 76% of respondents have never included a hairstyling or maintenance assessment in that discussion and only 34% noted being comfortable discussing the topic.

African American women face a unique challenge to regular exercise - their hair. However, it's a problem that is not often acknowledged by primary care doctors as a barrier to a healthy lifestyle. Credit: The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 56% of African American women age 20 and over are obese, putting them at higher risk of heart disease, diabetes and stroke. Regular exercise can prevent or help manage these .

Tolliver's research highlights the need to incorporate this cultural competency into continuing medical education and curriculums to improve the doctor-patient relationship, which could have a lasting impact on the long-term health outcomes of African American females.

"It's going to come down to increasing education about African American hair, African American females when it comes to hair and how you can counsel a patient in an office visit about decreasing that barrier," said Tolliver, who is also a clinical assistant professor of family medicine at The Ohio State University College of Medicine.

Tolliver says African American women interested in increasing can incorporate the following tips to preserve hairstyles while exercising:

  • If you're new to exercise, consider starting with a low-impact exercise such as walking to minimize perspiration.
  • Try a protective hairstyle such as braids, twists, buns or extensions to help you optimize time spent working out.
  • Schedule more strenuous workouts on the day you plan to wash your hair.

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Overcoming barriers to physical activity for African-American women

Provided by The Ohio State University Wexner Medicine Center
Citation: Doctors don't realize hair care prevents many African-American women from exercise (2019, November 8) retrieved 12 November 2019 from https://medicalxpress.com/news/2019-11-doctors-dont-hair-african-american-women.html
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