Prolonged ECG monitoring of ED patients with syncope is safe alternative to hospitalization

Prolonged ECG monitoring of ED patients with syncope is safe alternative to hospitalization
A prospective observational multicenter cohort study of 242 patients 18 years and older, presenting to the ED with syncope. Credit: Kirsty Challen, B.SC., MBCHB, MRES, PH.D., Lancashire Teaching Hospitals, United Kingdom

Prolonged cardiac rhythm monitoring will improve arrhythmia diagnostic yield among non-low-risk emergency department patients with syncope. That is the finding of a study published in the January 2020 issue of Academic Emergency Medicine (AEM), a journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine (SAEM).

The lead author of the study is Monica Solbiati MD, Ph.D., Department of Clinical and Community Sciences, University of Milan, Milan, Italy.

The multicenter study by Dr. Solbiati et al. found that while the overall diagnostic accuracy of emergency department electrocardiographic monitoring of non-low-risk patients syncope is imperfect, the sensitivity of prolonged telemetry (>12 hours) is high. Although the optimal duration of ECG monitoring has not been defined, the results support the use of a minimum of 12-hour monitoring as a safe alternative to hospitalization for the management of non-low-risk patients with syncope.

The study is the first designed specifically to assess the diagnostic accuracy of ECG monitoring in non-low-risk patients with syncope; the findings confirm the crucial role of telemetry in the ED management of patients with syncope. Further studies are needed to verify the safety and effectiveness of this strategy in terms of reducing unnecessary hospitalization and costs.

Venkatesh Thiruganasambandamoorthy, CCFP-EM, MSc, associate professor in the Departments of Emergency Medicine and Epidemiology at the University of Ottawa as well a Scientist at the Ottawa Hospital Research Institute commented:

"This study provides additional evidence that prolonged cardiac rhythm will improve arrhythmia diagnostic yield among non-low-risk emergency department patients with syncope."

Dr. Thiruganasambandamoorthy is internationally recognized for his research on emergency department . He is recipient of several peer reviewed grants, won several excellence awards, and is co-author of several guidelines, consensus/position statements nationally and internationally.


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More information: Monica Solbiati et al, Predictive Accuracy of Electrocardiographic Monitoring of Patients With Syncope in the Emergency Department: The SyMoNE Multicenter Study, Academic Emergency Medicine (2019). DOI: 10.1111/acem.13842
Journal information: Academic Emergency Medicine

Provided by Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
Citation: Prolonged ECG monitoring of ED patients with syncope is safe alternative to hospitalization (2020, January 13) retrieved 16 July 2020 from https://medicalxpress.com/news/2020-01-prolonged-ecg-ed-patients-syncope.html
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