Child obesity linked to higher mortality risk in young adulthood

Child obesity linked to higher mortality risk in young adulthood

(HealthDay)—Obesity in children is associated with an increased risk for premature mortality in young adulthood and with an increased risk for anxiety and depression, according to two studies published online in March in PLOS Medicine and BMC Medicine.

Louise Lindberg, from the Karolinska Institutet in Stockholm, and colleagues conducted a prospective study to compare mortality risk in young adulthood for children with and without using data from 41,359 individuals. The researchers identified 104 deaths over 190,752 person-years of follow-up (median, 3.6 years). Overall, 0.55 and 0.19 percent of the childhood obesity and comparison cohorts died during follow-up, respectively. Among individuals in the cohort, more than one-quarter of the deaths had obesity recorded as a primary or contributing cause of death.

In a second study, Lindberg and colleagues compared the risk for anxiety and depression among children aged 6 to 17 years with obesity (12,507 children) and in a matched group from the general population (60,063 children). The researchers found that after adjustment for Nordic background, , family history of anxiety/depression, and , obesity remained a significant risk factor for anxiety and depression in children and adolescents. The risk for anxiety and depression was increased for girls and for boys in the obesity cohort compared with the general population (adjusted hazard ratios, 1.43 and 1.33, respectively).

"Taken together our studies highlight the vulnerable situation that children with obesity are in," Lindberg said in a statement. "It is important that children with obesity are offered adequate and long-term treatment early in life to reduce these risks."


Explore further

Childhood obesity linked to higher risk of anxiety, depression and premature death

More information: Abstract/Full Text 1
Abstract/Full Text 2
Journal information: PLoS Medicine , BMC Medicine

Copyright © 2020 HealthDay. All rights reserved.

Citation: Child obesity linked to higher mortality risk in young adulthood (2020, April 20) retrieved 25 September 2020 from https://medicalxpress.com/news/2020-04-child-obesity-linked-higher-mortality.html
This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.
3 shares

Feedback to editors

User comments