Researchers propose effective method for skin lesion segmentation

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Skin lesion recognition is essential for melanoma diagnosis. However, different melanoma appearances and low contrast between the lesion region and normal skin complicate precise segment lesion region recognition. 

According to the study published in Medical Image Analysis, researchers from the Shenzhen Institutes of Advanced Technology (SIAT) of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and their collaborators from Shenzhen University have proposed a novel and effective automatic method by using generative adversarial networks with dual discriminators. 

The researchers conducted extensive experiments to evaluate the proposed method based on the international imaging collaboration (ISIC) skin lesion segmentation datasets released in 2016, 2017, and 2018. 

To estimate the performance of the proposed skip connection and dense convolution U-Net (UNet-SCDC) and dual discrimination mechanism, researchers carried out an ablation study through five evaluation criteria: accuracy, Jaccard index, dice coefficient, sensitivity, and specificity.  

They compared the proposed dual adversarial GAN (DAGAN) with some state-of-the-art segmentation methods, including the top three methods on ISIC 2017, the top five methods on ISIC 2016 and 2018. The showed that DAGAN achieved the best performance on the ISIC 2017 skin lesion segmentation challenge datasets so far. 

"Extensive experimental results demonstrate that our model is more generalized and achieves superior segmentation performance, which shows a bright prospect on skin lesion segmentation. We believe it can be extended to other medical image segmentation tasks in the future," said Dr. WANG Shuqiang, corresponding author of the study.


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More information: Baiying Lei et al. Skin lesion segmentation via generative adversarial networks with dual discriminators, Medical Image Analysis (2020). DOI: 10.1016/j.media.2020.101716
Citation: Researchers propose effective method for skin lesion segmentation (2020, July 1) retrieved 29 November 2021 from https://medicalxpress.com/news/2020-07-effective-method-skin-lesion-segmentation.html
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