Social holidays improve overall well-being

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Social holidays improve people's overall satisfaction with life, as well as satisfaction with the quantity and quality of their leisure time and social life, according to a new study from the University of Eastern Finland. The study analyzed the effect of social holidays on people's subjective well-being and experience of inclusion.

Social holidays refer to holidays that are granted to disadvantaged persons or families, usually on economic, social or health-related grounds, allowing them to go on a holiday away from home that would otherwise be beyond their reach. Different countries have different systems of funding social holidays, and in Finland they are funded by revenues from the state-owned gambling game company, Veikkaus. The researchers were surprised to discover that besides an increase in overall life , social holidays also increased, for instance, holiday makers' satisfaction with their employment and .

"It is possible that going on a holiday away from home makes people look at their life in a more positive light, which may be reflected on our results. Social holidays are all-inclusive, and not having to buy groceries can have a very concrete effect on some holiday makers' financial situation," project researcher Elli Vento from the University of Eastern Finland says.

The researchers also found that social holidays strengthened feelings of equality among families with children. Earlier studies have shown that disadvantaged parents are well aware that their children are missing out on things that are possible for most of their peers.

"Going on a holiday away from home is, in itself, a very unequal phenomenon. This is often illustrated by examples of children sharing their holidays memories in school. Some children may have traveled abroad and visited , whereas others don't necessarily have anything to say about their holiday: they've simply stayed home without any possibility for activities typically associated with holidays," Vento says.

The study explored subjective well-being and experience of inclusion among 299 Finnish respondents who had been selected for a social holiday. The researchers surveyed the respondents both before and after their holiday. The study also included a control group of 72 respondents whose application for a social holiday had been rejected and who had not gone on a holiday away from home at their own expense during the review period. During the review period coinciding with the summer holiday season, the 's experienced equality and satisfaction with their decreased, which for its part highlights the significance of holidaying away from home has for experienced well-being and inclusion.

The study was published in Annals of Tourism Research. The scientific relevance of the study pertains to a novel analysis method in tourism research, which allows a better linkage of the identified effects on well-being with the experience. This makes it possible for organizations engaged in social tourism to monitor the attainment of the goals set for their activities, and to further improve them.

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More information: Elli Vento et al. Re-evaluating well-being outcomes of social tourism: Evidence from Finland, Annals of Tourism Research (2020). DOI: 10.1016/j.annals.2020.103085
Citation: Social holidays improve overall well-being (2020, December 18) retrieved 8 March 2021 from
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