Scientists are building more comprehensive tests for COVID-19

SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19
Novel Coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 Transmission electron micrograph of SARS-CoV-2 virus particles, isolated from a patient. Image captured and color-enhanced at the NIAID Integrated Research Facility (IRF) in Fort Detrick, Maryland. Credit: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, NIH

New strains of SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID-19, may have greater transmissibility or altered virulence, or may exhibit resistance to the current vaccines. Now, scientists are racing to develop better ways to detect emerging SARS-CoV-2 strains among the high number of diagnosed infections.

Johns Hopkins assistant professor of pathology Ben Larman, Ph.D., and his team have been working to improve the analysis of genetic material called RNA that forms the genome of many viruses.

Specifically, the Johns Hopkins team is developing a technique to scan biological specimens, including saliva or specimens obtained with nasal swabs, using specialized DNA probes that sift through a complex "forest" of RNA sequences. The probes can detect specific RNA sequences of viruses and other disease-causing pathogens.

A report describing the development and application of the test (cRASL-seq), led by Larman and postdoctoral fellow Joel Credle, Ph.D., appeared online Feb. 3 in the journal Modern Pathology.

A key feature of the newly developed test, says Larman, is its ability to analyze and detect the many subtle changes that can occur in the SARS-CoV-2 viral genome—so-called variants, such as those first identified in the United Kingdom and South Africa.


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More information: Joel J. Credle et al. Highly multiplexed oligonucleotide probe-ligation testing enables efficient extraction-free SARS-CoV-2 detection and viral genotyping, Modern Pathology (2021). DOI: 10.1038/s41379-020-00730-5
Citation: Scientists are building more comprehensive tests for COVID-19 (2021, February 24) retrieved 24 September 2021 from https://medicalxpress.com/news/2021-02-scientists-comprehensive-covid-.html
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