Recognizing signatures of psilocybin microdosing in natural language

psilocybin
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Psychedelic microdosing involves consuming relatively small amounts of serotonergic compounds, approximating the perceptual threshold—typically, 10–20% of a full dose. Serotonergic psychedelics are being studied as novel treatments for mental health disorders and as facilitators of improved well-being, mental function, and creativity. Recent studies have found mixed results concerning the effects of low doses of psychedelics on these domains. However, microdosing is generally investigated using instruments designed to assess larger doses of psychedelics, which might lack sensitivity and specificity for this purpose.

In a study recently published in Psychopharmacology, natural speech under psilocybin microdoses (0.5 g of psilocybin mushrooms) was acquired from 34 healthy adult volunteers following a double-blind and placebo-controlled with two measurement weeks per participant. On Wednesdays and Fridays of each week, participants consumed either the active dose (psilocybin) or the placebo (edible mushrooms). Features of interest were defined based on variables known to be affected by : verbosity, semantic variability, and sentiment scores. Machine learning models were used to discriminate between conditions and metrics presented significant differences between a typical active microdose and the inactive placebo condition.

"These results constitute first evidence that low doses of serotonergic psychedelics can be identified from unconstrained natural speech, with potential for widely applicable, affordable, and ecologically valid monitoring of microdosing schedules. These results also highlight the value of recording brief samples of natural language before, during, and after the acute effects of compounds," says RNDr. Lucie Janečková, Ph.D.

More information: Camila Sanz et al, Natural language signatures of psilocybin microdosing, Psychopharmacology (2022). DOI: 10.1007/s00213-022-06170-0
Citation: Recognizing signatures of psilocybin microdosing in natural language (2022, September 26) retrieved 4 December 2022 from https://medicalxpress.com/news/2022-09-signatures-psilocybin-microdosing-natural-language.html
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