Study: COVID pandemic reversed ten years of progress in reducing cardiovascular deaths in US

cardiac rhythm
Credit: Pixabay/CC0 Public Domain

The COVID-19 pandemic reversed a decade's worth of progress in reducing mortality from cardiovascular disease in the U.S., new research has found.

The international research team, including Keele University's Professor Mamas Mamas, studied data from the U.S. Center for Disease Control's (CDC) WONDER database, spanning 21 years between 1999 and 2020.

They wanted to see how cardiovascular had changed and study trends in the over that time. They discovered that cardiovascular deaths in 2020 were 4.6% higher than they were in 2019—representing over 62,000 excess deaths.

The highest relative increase was in adults under 55, who had a higher rate of mortality from than adults 55–74, and 75 and over.

There were also significant differences between different ethnic groups, with black adults experiencing the largest percentage increase in mortality at 10.6% (15,477 excess deaths) versus a 3.5% increase (42,907 excess deaths) for white adults. Hispanic adults also experienced a 9.4% increase in CV mortality (7,400 excess deaths) versus 4.3% for non-Hispanic adults (56,760 excess deaths).

There were also increases in mortality rates from certain conditions between 2019 and 2020, including , hypertensive disease, and cerebrovascular disease. However, deaths from heart failure did decline in the same time.

Professor Mamas Mamas, Professor of Cardiology at Keele University said, "Data from the U.S. reflects what has happened globally, the decades of falling cardiovascular mortality has been reversed by the COVID pandemic, both directly through infection with COVID and indirectly through the impact of the pandemic on cardiovascular services. Analogous to what has happened in the U.K., the greatest impact of the COVID pandemic on cardiovascular mortality has been felt by minority ethnic populations."

More information: Ofer Kobo et al, Has the first year of the COVID-19 pandemic reversed the trends in CV mortality between 1999-2019 in the United States?, European Heart Journal—Quality of Care and Clinical Outcomes (2022). DOI: 10.1093/ehjqcco/qcac080

Provided by Keele University
Citation: Study: COVID pandemic reversed ten years of progress in reducing cardiovascular deaths in US (2022, December 5) retrieved 4 February 2023 from https://medicalxpress.com/news/2022-12-covid-pandemic-reversed-ten-years.html
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