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Australia to legalise MDMA and magic mushrooms for medical use

psilocybin
Credit: Pixabay/CC0 Public Domain

Australia's drugs watchdog on Friday announced that psychedelic substances MDMA and psilocybin—more commonly known as ecstasy and magic mushrooms—will soon be used in the treatment of depression and post-traumatic stress.

Psychiatrists will be able to prescribe the two substances from July, the Therapeutic Goods Administration said after finding "sufficient evidence for in certain patients".

The two drugs are currently "prohibited substances" and can only be used in closely controlled .

The administration said they had been found to be "relatively safe" when administered in a medical setting and provided an "altered state of consciousness" that could help patients.

Mike Musker, a and suicide prevention researcher at the University of South Australia, welcomed the move as "long-awaited".

"There are many people in the community experiencing PTSD () and depression, particularly army veterans and people who have worked in emergency services, where standard psychiatric drugs have not worked and offer no relief," he said.

Musker said the two drugs "reduce inhibitions" and could help people process difficult images and memories.

For now the use of MDMA and psilocybin will be limited to the treatment of depression and post-traumatic stress.

But advocates hope to one day use them for alcohol dependence, and eating disorders.

Psychedelics have been used by indigenous peoples for millennia, but Western researchers only started seriously looking into their potential uses in the middle of the last century.

The drugs became symbols of the counter-culture movement of the 1960s and were banned.

Authorities in Canada and the United States are among those who have already permitted the medical use of MDMA and psilocybin.

© 2023 AFP

Citation: Australia to legalise MDMA and magic mushrooms for medical use (2023, February 3) retrieved 17 April 2024 from https://medicalxpress.com/news/2023-02-australia-legalise-mdma-magic-mushrooms.html
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