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Scientists develop new robot medics to go where doctors can't

New robot medics to go where doctors can't, developed by University of Sheffield scientists
Credit: University of Sheffield

Game-changing robotics technology that can provide remote medical treatment to casualties in high-risk emergency environments, has been developed by researchers at the University of Sheffield.

Using medical telexistence (MediTel) technology, researchers from the University's Advanced Manufacturing Research Center (AMRC), Sheffield Robotics and Department of Automatic Control and Systems Engineering, have successfully created a mobile, robotic-controlled uncrewed ground vehicle (UGV), which boasts (VR) capability, to enable medics and operators to assess critical casualties in hazardous environments, allowing them to perform a remote triage while also ensuring their safety.

The first-of-its-kind, fully integrated medical telexistence solution was developed in just nine months. It features two robotic arms which can effectively remotely operate medical tools to perform a critical initial assessment of a casualty within 20 minutes, including: temperature, and heart rate checks; carry out a palpation of the abdomen and administer through an auto-injector—all while streaming real time data to the remote operator.

The project was led by David King, Head of Digital Design at the AMRC and Sanja Dogramadzi, Professor of Medical Robotics and Intelligent Health Technologies at the University's Department of Automatic Control and Systems Engineering and Director of Sheffield Robotics.

David King said, "Our MediTel project has demonstrated game-changing medical telexistence technology that has the potential to save lives and provide remote assessment and treatment of casualties in high-risk environments such as humanitarian disasters.

"Developing and field testing a state-of-the-art, complex system such as MediTel in just nine months has been an incredible achievement and a testament to the skills and capabilities of the entire project team."

The team has developed a complete solution to perform a triage of casualties in hazardous environments.

The robotic vehicle can carry out medical triage in an environment that is too dangerous for doctors. Credit: University of Sheffield

David King added, "MediTel combined existing with state-of-the-art robotics systems to develop a platform capable of allowing a remote operator to navigate through potentially difficult terrain and provide critical diagnoses of high-risk casualties."

Professor Dogramadzi said, "This project has allowed us the opportunity to develop a platform that could be used by multiple emergency response services. It now serves us with the basis for our research to be extended and look into enabling resilient autonomy and integrating other sensing modalities to assist patient triage in other remote settings."

MediTel was one of three novel telexistence technologies funded through a competition run by the Defense and Security Accelerator (DASA), on behalf of joint funders, the Defense Science and Technology Laboratory (Dstl) and the Nuclear Decommissioning Authority (NDA).

Dr. Nicky Armstrong, technical lead at Dstl, said, "Telexistence technologies have the potential to remove end users from harmful environments and/or rapidly insert specialists as required.

"The prototype technologies developed under the Dstl Telexistence project have enabled us to demonstrate the art of the possible to end users, so that we can better understand where telexistence could add value to defense and security environments."

As part of the project, the AMRC used its knowledge to design and create a prototype of the UGV and integrated the overall MediTel system, while the Department of Automatic Control and Systems Engineering led on the development of the robotics controls. Extensive lab and was also carried out and proved the UGV could assess and triage a casualty successfully.

The team is looking to build on the project's success by seeking further funding and partners to realize the potential of MediTel medical telexistence technology to revolutionize how people could be medically triaged in dangerous incidents where it is unsafe.

Both King and Dogramadzi said the future vision of MediTel would be to explore the development of the technology into a large-scale integrated medical emergency platform, capable of rapidly being deployed to humanitarian disasters with multiple casualties and enabling remote medics to provide critical lifesaving treatment.

Citation: Scientists develop new robot medics to go where doctors can't (2023, July 21) retrieved 4 March 2024 from https://medicalxpress.com/news/2023-07-scientists-robot-medics-doctors.html
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