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Recurrent injury, death common after acute firearm injury

Recurrent injury, death common after acute firearm injury

Recurrent injury and death are common among acutely firearm-injured patients in the United States, according to a study published online Aug. 29 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

Kristen L. Mueller, M.D., from Washington University in St. Louis, and colleagues examined the incidence and factors associated with recurrent firearm injuries and among 9,553 consecutive adult and presenting with an acute, nonfatal firearm injury.

The researchers found that 1,155 patients experienced a recurrent firearm injury during a median follow-up of 3.5 years, including five firearm suicides and 149 fatal firearm injuries. Persons experiencing recurrent injury were young (25.3 ± 9.5 years), mostly male (93%), Black (96%), and uninsured (50%). The majority lived in areas of high social vulnerability (65%). The estimated risk for firearm injury at one and eight years was 7 and 17%, respectively.

"These data provide robust estimates of the burden of recurrent firearm injury and highlight the need for cross-sector data sharing to support firearm injury reduction," the authors write. "Accurate estimates of recurrence rates enhance both the ability to design appropriate violence intervention programs and to evaluate their real-world effectiveness, yet few studies have addressed firearm injury recurrence."

More information: Kristen L. Mueller et al, Incidence of and Factors Associated With Recurrent Firearm Injury Among Patients Presenting to St. Louis Trauma Centers, 2010 to 2019, Annals of Internal Medicine (2023). DOI: 10.7326/M23-0069

Journal information: Annals of Internal Medicine

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Citation: Recurrent injury, death common after acute firearm injury (2023, August 31) retrieved 24 June 2024 from
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