This article has been reviewed according to Science X's editorial process and policies. Editors have highlighted the following attributes while ensuring the content's credibility:

fact-checked

peer-reviewed publication

reputable news agency

proofread

Disparities in asthma prevalence, attacks, ED use examined during pandemic

Disparities in asthma prevalence, attacks, ED use examined during pandemic

Black adults and children have the highest prevalence of asthma, although the disparities between Blacks and whites narrowed from 2019 to 2022, according to a research letter published online Dec. 19 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

Adam Gaffney, M.D., M.P.H., from Cambridge Health Alliance in Massachusetts, and colleagues examined disparities in asthma morbidity nationwide using data from 120,698 adults and 30,708 children in the 2019 to 2022 National Health Interview Survey.

The researchers observed a slight increase in among adults, from 8.0 percent in 2019 to 8.7 percent in 2022, which was driven by increases among white adults. Throughout the study period, Hispanic adults had the lowest prevalence and Black adults had the highest, although over time, there was a decrease seen in the adjusted difference between Black and white adults.

Overall, the asthma attack rate remained stable, but the relative adjusted differences between Black and white adults decreased. Asthma emergency department visit rates decreased overall; rates were consistently higher among Black than white adults, although the difference narrowed over time.

The prevalence of asthma was stable among children and was consistently highest among Black children. Asthma attacks decreased slightly through 2021, then increased, especially among whites, and emergency department visit rates decreased from 17.3 to 12.1 percent from 2019 to 2022, which was driven by decreases in Black and Hispanic .

"The narrowing asthma morbidity through the pandemic suggest opportunities for mitigation; for example, improving or developing and equitably delivering vaccines against respiratory pathogens," the authors write.

More information: Adam Gaffney et al, Asthma Disparities in the United States Narrowed During the COVID-19 Pandemic: Findings From a National Survey, 2019 to 2022, Annals of Internal Medicine (2023). DOI: 10.7326/M23-2100

Journal information: Annals of Internal Medicine

Copyright © 2023 HealthDay. All rights reserved.

Citation: Disparities in asthma prevalence, attacks, ED use examined during pandemic (2023, December 19) retrieved 22 April 2024 from https://medicalxpress.com/news/2023-12-disparities-asthma-prevalence-ed-pandemic.html
This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.

Explore further

CDC: Chronic fatigue syndrome prevalence 1.3 percent in 2021 to 2022

0 shares

Feedback to editors