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Scientists develop marmoset eggs and embryos from xenotransplanted ovary tissues

Production of marmoset eggs and embryos from xenotransplanted ovary tissues
Image of marmoset ovary section and flow diagram of the study. (a) HE-stained adult marmoset ovary section for transplantation. Oocytes surrounded by cumulus cells within the follicle are indicated by the arrowheads (▲), and numerous undeveloped oocytes (↑) are seen on the cortical surface. Scale bar = 100 μm. (b) Flow diagram of the study. Credit: Scientific Reports (2023). DOI: 10.1038/s41598-023-45224-x

Marmosets are now used in medical and pharmacological research as a model animal of non-human primates. Recently, genetically modified marmosets are also used in research to elucidate human pathology, higher brain functions, etc. However, generation of genetically modified marmosets requires a large number of eggs, and the method of harvesting eggs from female marmosets raises issues of animal welfare and costs.

Conventionally, ovaries of marmosets that have died from experiments or diseases have been discarded without usage. There are, in fact, a large number of usable oocytes remaining in these tissues. Japanese researchers at Niigata University and University of Toyama aimed to establish a low-cost marmoset egg production system in an animal welfare-friendly manner by xenotransplanting these ovaries.

These researchers developed eggs by xenotransplanting the marmoset ovaries under the renal capsule of immunodeficient mice. The eggs were then obtained and fertilized, resulting in blastocysts. These results were published in Scientific Reports on October 24, 2023.

"Ovarian xenotransplantation successfully produced blastocysts in like pigs and cows, as well as in rodents, but in marmosets only a success in developing follicles was reported. In this study, we could successfully produce eggs and obtain blastocysts, and it was very challenging to break through that difficulty," said Runa Hirayama, a graduate student at the University of Toyama.

Marmoset ovaries donated from research facilities and institutions all over Japan were used as transplantation donor and various xenotransplantation conditions were examined in detail. One of the critical conditions is the use of larger marmoset ovarian fragments for transplantation into mouse kidneys.

In addition, eggs obtained in this system require a longer culture period than those obtained from normal female marmosets for efficient fertilization. The team not only succeeded in harvesting oocytes from xenotransplanted ovaries, but also in fertilizing and developing them into blastocysts.

"This novel egg production system is expected to be a new method of supplying for the generation of genetically modified marmosets and will facilitate the research of human diseases," said Dr. Hiroaki Taketsuru, at Niigata University.

The achievement of this research can be applied to the establishment of naive ES cells, and will contribute to the development of regenerative medicine.

More information: Runa Hirayama et al, Production of marmoset eggs and embryos from xenotransplanted ovary tissues, Scientific Reports (2023). DOI: 10.1038/s41598-023-45224-x

Journal information: Scientific Reports
Provided by Niigata University
Citation: Scientists develop marmoset eggs and embryos from xenotransplanted ovary tissues (2023, December 19) retrieved 18 May 2024 from https://medicalxpress.com/news/2023-12-scientists-marmoset-eggs-embryos-xenotransplanted.html
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