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A regimen for treating environmental enteric dysfunction

A regimen for treating environmental enteric dysfunction
Histology and transcriptomic hallmarks in children with EED. Representative images from whole slide images from (A) BEECH (EED) cohort and (B) US controls (Ctl). Zoomed-in views of the crypt base are shown in (C) and (D), respectively, to highlight Paneth cells. (E) Villous height:crypt depth ratio, (F) Paneth cells per crypt, and (G) goblet cells/enterocyte/villus in the BEECH cohort compared with controls. (H) Key dysregulated transcriptomic themes (both positively and negatively correlated with LAZ) in duodenum in the BEECH cohort as analyzed by CompBio. (I) Map of overlapping dysregulated transcriptomic themes between the BEECH and SEEM EED cohorts, as analyzed by Assertion Engine. Credit: Science Translational Medicine (2024). DOI: 10.1126/scitranslmed.abq4145

A team of medical researchers at Washington University School of Medicine, working with colleagues from the University of Zambia School of Medicine and Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, has developed a regimen for treating children with environmental enteric dysfunction. For their project, reported in the journal Science Translational Medicine, the group studied environmental enteric dysfunction in children living in Zambia and possible ways to treat it.

Environmental enteric dysfunction (EED) is a condition that often develops in the intestines of who are malnourished. Children with the condition typically experience inadequate nutrient absorption, inflammation and undersized growth. Thought it has not been measured, most in the believe that approximately 5 to 7 million children around the world have EED, most in low-income countries.

And while some research has been done to better understand the condition, the factors involved in malnutrition leading to the development of EED are unknown. It has been found that giving children with the condition regular food does not reverse EED; thus, are needed. In this new effort, the research team searched for the root cause of EED and attempted to develop a therapy that leads to a return of normal intestinal function.

To find the root cause, the researchers recruited 15 children living in Zambia, all of whom had EED. Each was subjected to a battery of tests designed to isolate the factors that led to the development of EED. They discovered that children with EED had fewer numbers of certain cells in their —cells involved in the immune system of a type that signal for increased production of bile. The researchers also found low levels of NAD+, a molecule involved in metabolism.

To look for possible treatments, the research team engineered lab mice to exhibit the same symptoms as children with EED and then gave them various therapies. They discovered that eating too little protein was the root cause of EED. They also found a that made some children more susceptible to developing the disorder—it was the main factor in reducing levels of NAD+. They found that feeding the mice protein along with NAD+ reduced the excess production of bile and restored the missing cells in the lower intestine, reversing EED. The team plans to continue testing their approach, moving to as soon as possible.

More information: Atika Malique et al, NAD + precursors and bile acid sequestration treat preclinical refractory environmental enteric dysfunction, Science Translational Medicine (2024). DOI: 10.1126/scitranslmed.abq4145

Journal information: Science Translational Medicine

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Citation: A regimen for treating environmental enteric dysfunction (2024, January 4) retrieved 29 May 2024 from https://medicalxpress.com/news/2024-01-regimen-environmental-dysfunction.html
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