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Disruption of mitochondrial unfolded protein response yields shortening of telomeres in mouse oocytes, somatic cells

Disruption of mitochondrial unfolded protein response results in shortening of telomeres in mouse oocytes and somatic cells
Representative confocal images of TRF1 expression and TRF/H2AX co-localization in cumulus oophorus isolated from 6-month-old wild-type and Clpp−/− mice. Credit: Aging (2024). DOI: 10.18632/aging.205543

A new research paper titled "Disruption of mitochondrial unfolded protein response results in telomere shortening in mouse oocytes and somatic cells" has been published in Aging.

Caseinolytic peptidase P (CLPP) plays a central role in mitochondrial unfolded response (mtUPR) by promoting the breakdown of misfolded proteins and setting in motion a cascade of reactions to re-establish protein homeostasis. Global germline deletion of Clpp in mice results in female infertility and accelerated follicular depletion. Telomeres are tandem repeats of 5'-TTAGGG-3' sequences found at the ends of the chromosomes. Telomeres are essential for maintaining chromosome stability during somatic cell division and their shortening is associated with and aging.

In this new study, researchers Mauro Cozzolino, Yagmur Ergun, Emma Ristori, Akanksha Garg, Gizem Imamoglu, and Emre Seli from Yale School of Medicine, IVIRMA Global Research Alliance and Imperial College London asked whether the infertility and ovarian aging phenotype caused by global germline deletion of Clpp is associated with somatic aging, and tested telomere length in tissues of young and aging mice.

The team found that impaired mtUPR caused by the lack of CLPP is associated with accelerated telomere shortening in both oocytes and somatic cells of aging mice. In addition, expression of several genes that maintain telomere integrity was decreased, and double-strand DNA breaks were increased in telomeric regions. Their results highlight how impaired mtUPR can affect telomere integrity and demonstrate a link between loss of mitochondrial protein hemostasis, infertility, and somatic aging.

"Our findings demonstrate how loss of mitochondrial protein homeostasis may accelerate telomere shortening in oocytes and , and provide a link between reproductive and somatic aging," write the researchers.

More information: Mauro Cozzolino et al, Disruption of mitochondrial unfolded protein response results in telomere shortening in mouse oocytes and somatic cells, Aging (2024). DOI: 10.18632/aging.205543

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Citation: Disruption of mitochondrial unfolded protein response yields shortening of telomeres in mouse oocytes, somatic cells (2024, February 21) retrieved 22 April 2024 from https://medicalxpress.com/news/2024-02-disruption-mitochondrial-unfolded-protein-response.html
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