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How a standard blood test can predict a heart attack

heart attack
Credit: Unsplash/CC0 Public Domain

Using the results of a standard blood test and an online tool, you can find out if you are at increased risk of having a heart attack within six months. The tool has been developed by a research group at Uppsala University in the hope of increasing patients' motivation to change their lifestyles.

Their paper is published in the journal Nature Cardiovascular Research.

Heart attacks are the most common cause of death in the world and are increasing globally. Many high-risk people are not identified or do not take their preventive treatment.

Now, researchers led by Professor Johan Sundström at Uppsala University have found that heart attacks can be predicted with a standard blood test. The problem, according to the researchers, is that have previously been verified in studies involving five to ten years of follow-up, where only factors that are stable over time can be identified.

"However, we know that the time just before a heart attack is very dynamic. For example, the risk of a heart attack doubles during the month after a divorce, and the risk of a fatal heart event is five times as high during the week after a ," says Sundström, who is a cardiologist and professor of epidemiology at Uppsala University.

Together with other European researchers, he has proceeded from the hypothesis that several important biological processes are active during the months before a heart attack and that these could be detected using a .

"We wanted to develop methods that would enable the health services to identify people who will soon suffer their first heart attack," Sundström says.

The research group had access to from 169,053 individuals without prior cardiovascular disease in six European cohorts. Within six months, 420 of these people suffered their first heart attack. Their blood was then compared with blood from 1,598 healthy members of the cohorts.

"We identified around 90 molecules that were linked to a risk of a first heart attack. However, the samples that are already taken in health care now are enough to predict the risk. We hope that this will increase people's motivation to take their or stop smoking, for example," says Sundström.

The researchers have also developed a simple online tool in which anyone can find out their risk of having a heart attack within six months.

"This was one of the aims of the entire study since we know that people feel relatively low motivation to follow preventive treatments. If you find out that you happen to have an increased risk of suffering a soon, perhaps you will feel more motivated to prevent it," Sundström says.

The researchers will now study the 90 or so new molecules to understand them better and see whether there are any possibilities for treatment.

"We hope to be able to carry out a new study here in Uppsala to see whether the provides the kind of motivation we intend," Sundström concludes.

One of the six cohorts is from the Uppsala-based population study EpiHealth.

More information: Stefan Gustafsson et al, Markers of imminent myocardial infarction, Nature Cardiovascular Research (2024). DOI: 10.1038/s44161-024-00422-2

Provided by Uppsala University
Citation: How a standard blood test can predict a heart attack (2024, February 12) retrieved 2 March 2024 from https://medicalxpress.com/news/2024-02-standard-blood-heart.html
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