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Researchers pioneer novel stem cell therapy for diabetic wound healing

Healing diabetes wounds with a new superhero: Stem cell magic
Hypoxia facilitates exosome production and release from BMSCs. (a) Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) revealed the morphology of noBMSC-Exos and hyBMSC-Exos (scale bar: 100 nm). (b) The size distribution of noBMSC-Exos and hyBMSC-Exos was examined using nanoparticle tracking analysis (NTA). (c and d) Western blotting analysis for exosome surface marker proteins, including CD9, CD63, CD81 and TSG101. The independent samples t-test was used to test for significant difference between two sample means. (e) A BCA assay was used to determine exosome protein concentration in the two groups. The data are presented as mean ± SD (n = 3). *p < 0.05, **p < 0.01. BMSCs bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells, noBMSC-Exo normoxic BMSC-sourced exosome, hyBMSC-Exo hypoxic BMSC-sourced exosome, TSG101 tumor susceptibility 101, BCA bicinchoninic acid. Credit: Burns & Trauma (2024). DOI: 10.1093/burnst/tkad058

Researchers unveiled a novel therapy for diabetic wound healing. This research highlights the use of exosomal miR-4645-5p from hypoxic bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) to significantly enhance wound healing by promoting keratinocyte autophagy.

Diabetic wounds, often challenging to treat and prone to complications, can severely impact patients' quality of life. Traditional treatments have struggled with issues like low survival rates of transplanted cells and the potential for immune rejection. This research introduces a groundbreaking approach using stem cells' regenerative capabilities.

In a study published in Burns & Trauma, researchers have pioneered a novel approach to heal faster and more effectively than ever before.

Their research centers on the use of special particles called , which are derived from stem cells grown under low oxygen conditions, known as hypoxic conditions. These exosomes contain a potent molecule, miR-4645-5p, that significantly boosts the .

This study delves into the use of exosomes from hypoxic bone marrow (BMSCs) as a novel treatment for diabetic wounds, which are notoriously difficult to heal and prone to infections. Focusing on the microRNA miR-4645-5p found within these exosomes, the research uncovers its critical role in enhancing wound healing by targeting the MAPKAPK2 pathway, thereby regulating the AKT-mTORC1 signaling cascade.

This inhibition boosts autophagy in keratinocytes—key players in wound repair—by promoting cell health, proliferation, and migration. Demonstrating that exosomes enriched with miR-4645-5p from hypoxic BMSCs can significantly speed up the healing of diabetic wounds, the study paves the way for new regenerative medicine strategies that manipulate cellular environments to enhance autophagy, offering a promising avenue to improve outcomes in diabetic wound care.

Dr. Yan Shi, the lead researcher, states, "Our findings offer a new horizon in diabetic wound care. By harnessing the power of stem cell-derived exosomes, particularly under hypoxic conditions, we've seen a remarkable improvement in wound healing processes, opening doors to potentially life-saving treatments."

This research not only sheds light on the mechanisms behind stem cell-mediated wound healing but also opens up new avenues for developing treatments for diabetic wounds and possibly other conditions. The ability to harness and modulate the healing properties of stem cells through their exosomes could lead to more effective, targeted therapies, reducing the burden of diabetic wounds on patients worldwide.

More information: Yan Shi et al, Exosomal miR-4645-5p from hypoxic bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells facilitates diabetic wound healing by restoring keratinocyte autophagy, Burns & Trauma (2024). DOI: 10.1093/burnst/tkad058

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Citation: Researchers pioneer novel stem cell therapy for diabetic wound healing (2024, February 20) retrieved 18 May 2024 from https://medicalxpress.com/news/2024-02-stem-cell-therapy-diabetic-wound.html
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