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Researchers investigate the aging brain and peripheral vascular dysfunction

The aging brain and peripheral vascular dysfunction
Cerebrovascular dysfunction is an underlying feature of most major types of dementia. Credit: 2024 Wahl and Clayton.

A new review paper was published in Aging titled "Peripheral vascular dysfunction and the aging brain."

Aging is the greatest non-modifiable risk factor for most diseases, including cardiovascular diseases (CVD), which remain the leading cause of mortality worldwide. In their new review, researchers Devin Wahl and Zachary S. Clayton from Colorado State University and the University of Colorado note that robust evidence indicates that CVD are a strong determinant for reduced brain health and all-cause dementia with advancing age.

The researchers say, "CVD are also closely linked with peripheral and cerebral vascular dysfunction, common contributors to the development and progression of all types of dementia, that are largely driven by excessive levels of oxidative stress (e.g., reactive oxygen species [ROS])."

Emerging evidence suggests that several fundamental aging mechanisms (e.g., "hallmarks" of aging), including chronic low-grade inflammation, , and deregulated nutrient sensing contribute to excessive ROS production and are common to both peripheral and cerebral vascular dysfunction.

Credit: Impact Journals LLC

Therefore, targeting these mechanisms to reduce ROS-related oxidative stress and improve peripheral and/or cerebral vascular function may be a promising strategy to reduce dementia risk with aging. Investigating how certain lifestyle strategies (e.g., and diet modulation) and/or select pharmacological agents (natural and synthetic) intersect with aging "hallmarks" to promote peripheral and/or cerebral vascular health represent a viable option for reducing dementia risk with aging.

The authors add, "Therefore, the primary purpose of this review is to explore mechanistic links among peripheral vascular dysfunction, cerebral vascular dysfunction, and reduced with aging. Such insight and assessments of non-invasive measures of peripheral and cerebral vascular health with aging might provide a new approach for assessing dementia risk in older adults."

More information: Devin Wahl et al, Peripheral vascular dysfunction and the aging brain, Aging (2024). DOI: 10.18632/aging.205877

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Citation: Researchers investigate the aging brain and peripheral vascular dysfunction (2024, June 12) retrieved 24 July 2024 from https://medicalxpress.com/news/2024-06-aging-brain-peripheral-vascular-dysfunction.html
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