Neuroscience

Experts discuss the 'second brain': The gut microbiome

As researchers for the University of Nebraska–Lincoln's Food for Health Center, Andy Benson and Robert Hutkins are asking and answering questions about our second brain—the gut microbiome.

Health

Host-microbe interactions in the gut

Although the mutually beneficial relationship between human beings and gut microbes is clear, how we—the host—affect the functions of gut microbial communities remains poorly understood.

Medical research

How dietary fiber helps the intestines maintain health

UC Davis Health researchers have discovered how by-products of the digestion of dietary fiber by gut microbes act as the right fuel to help intestinal cells maintain gut health.

Health

Food scientists find cranberries may aid the gut microbiome

Many scientists are paying new attention to prebiotics, that is, molecules we eat but cannot digest, because some may promote the growth and health of beneficial microorganisms in our intestines, says nutritional microbiologist ...

Immunology

Mice fed more fiber have less severe food allergies

The development of food allergies in mice can be linked to what their gut bacteria are being fed, reports a study published June 21 in Cell Reports. Rodents that received a diet with average calories, sugar, and fiber content ...

Medical research

Antibiotics allow gut pathogens to 'breathe'

Antibiotics are essential for fighting bacterial infection, but, paradoxically, they can also make the body more prone to infection and diarrhea.

Medical research

Protein-trapped sugar compounds nourish infant gut microbes

UC Davis researchers have shown that an enzyme produced by beneficial microbes in babies' intestines is able to harvest specific sugar compounds from human breast-milk and cow's milk. The discovery identifies those sugars—rather ...

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