Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

New blood biomarker identified for status of fatty liver disease

A MedUni Vienna study team has identified the role of a specific subtype of macrophages (white blood cells) in progressive non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. As part of the immune system, these cells have a protective function ...

Genetics

Researchers find that RNA exosome is key for B cell development

New research from UT Southwestern suggests that RNA exosomes—the cellular machines that degrade old molecules of RNA—play a key role in the development of B cells, which are critical to the immune system's ability to ...

Medications

Locking leukemia's cellular escape hatch

Leukemia starts in cells that would normally develop into different types of blood cells. About 61,000 people in the U.S. are diagnosed each year, and depending on the type of leukemia and the age of the patient, five-year ...

Immunology

How one inflammatory disorder exacerbates another

The immune system remembers. Often this memory, primed by past encounters with threats like bacteria or viruses, is an asset. But when that memory is sparked by internal drivers, like chronic inflammation, it can prove detrimental, ...

Immunology

Towards more effective treatments for immunocompromised patients

For severely immunocompromised patients, a bone marrow transplant restores immune defenses and allows them to resume normal life. But after observing the nasopharyngeal system, where the body's first line of immune defense ...

Oncology & Cancer

Study finds 10-second videos can predict blood cancer relapse

In a new study from Vanderbilt University Medical Center, 10-second videos of white blood cell motion in the skin's microvasculature greatly improved the prediction of which stem cell and bone marrow transplant patients would ...

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