Medical research

Smart bone plates can monitor fracture healing

Bone tissue engineering (BTE) is an evolving field at the intersection of materials science and bioengineering, focused on the development of bone substitute materials and diagnostic methods in orthopedics. At present, physicians ...

Medical research

The art of building bone

Cell differentiation is a widely studied phenomenon forming the basis of all developmental processes including fetal growth and bone fracture healing. A series of recent studies indicates the emerging role of chondrocyte-to-osteoblast ...

Medical research

3-D printed biomaterials for bone tissue engineering

When skeletal defects are unable to heal on their own, bone tissue engineering (BTE), a developing field in orthopedics can combine materials science, tissue engineering and regenerative medicine to facilitate bone repair. ...

Medical research

A link between mitochondrial damage and osteoporosis

Some risk factors for osteoporosis such as being older and female or having a family history of the condition cannot be avoided. But others can, like smoking cigarettes, consuming alcohol, taking certain medications, or being ...

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Bone

Bones are rigid organs that form part of the endoskeleton of vertebrates. They function to move, support, and protect the various organs of the body, produce red and white blood cells and store minerals. Bone tissue is a type of dense connective tissue. Because bones come in a variety of shapes and have a complex internal and external structure they are lightweight, yet strong and hard, in addition to fulfilling their many other functions. One of the types of tissue that makes up bone is the mineralized osseous tissue, also called bone tissue, that gives it rigidity and a honeycomb-like three-dimensional internal structure. Other types of tissue found in bones include marrow, endosteum and periosteum, nerves, blood vessels and cartilage. There are 206 bones in the adult human body and 270 in an infant.

Functions Bones have ten main functions:

Mechanical

Synthetic

Metabolic

This text uses material from Wikipedia, licensed under CC BY-SA