Neuroscience

The brain may need iron for healthy cognitive development

Iron levels in brain tissue rise during development and are correlated with cognitive abilities, according to research in children and young adults recently published in JNeurosci. Future work could lead to iron supplementation ...

Neuroscience

Parkinson's disease may start before birth

People who develop Parkinson's disease before age 50 may have been born with disordered brain cells that went undetected for decades, according to new Cedars-Sinai research. The research points to a drug that potentially ...

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

Consequences of Zika virus infection on glial cells

Studies regarding the brain damage caused by the Zika virus have revealed the virus' predilection for a certain neural cell: the astrocyte. However, few studies have sought to identify the infection effects on these cells, ...

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Brain cell

Brain cell is a generic term for the neurons and glial cells. Neurons are nerve cells that process and transmit information through the nervous system. Glial cells provide support, protection, and nutrition to the neurons. Other cells in the brain include epithelial cells that make up the lining of the blood vessels.

Brain cells are commonly thought to remain in the beginning stage of interphase of cell reproduction for their life, and never divide, and instead develop by forming new synapses with other neurons. However, a landmark study in 1998 by researchers from Sweden and the Salk Institute in La Jolla, California, showed for the first time that some brain cells in mature humans may regenerate under certain circumstances.

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