Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

Difficulty breathing and COPD key predictors for severe COVID-19

Shortness of breath (dyspnoea) is the only symptom of COVID-19 significantly associated with severe cases of the disease and admission to intensive care units (ICU), according to a new systematic review and meta-analysis ...

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

Who's most at risk from coronavirus?

(HealthDay)—As the coronavirus pandemic continues its relentless spread around the world, the greatest worry has been for older people. But experts stress that age is not the sole determinant of risk for severe illness ...

Medications

Three-drug combination reduces COPD patient mortality

Once-daily treatment of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) with an inhaler combining fluticasone furoate (FF), umeclidinium (UMEC) and vilanterol (VI) reduced all-cause mortality by 42 percent, according ...

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

Health coaches improve inhaler use in COPD patients

(HealthDay)—Lay health coaches may improve inhaler technique and adherence for low-income patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), according to a study published in the January/February issue of the Annals ...

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

UK study highlights importance of spirometry in diagnosing COPD

A UK study of patients participating in low-dose CT lung cancer screening highlights the importance of spirometry (breathing tests) in the assessment of possible chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and demonstrates ...

page 1 from 49

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) refers to chronic bronchitis and emphysema, a pair of two commonly co-existing diseases of the lungs in which the airways become narrowed. This leads to a limitation of the flow of air to and from the lungs causing shortness of breath. In contrast to asthma, the limitation of airflow is poorly reversible and usually gets progressively worse over time.

COPD is caused by noxious particles or gas, most commonly from smoking, which trigger an abnormal inflammatory response in the lung. The inflammatory response in the larger airways is known as chronic bronchitis, which is diagnosed clinically when people regularly cough up sputum. In the alveoli, the inflammatory response causes destruction of the tissues of the lung, a process known as emphysema. The natural course of COPD is characterized by occasional sudden worsenings of symptoms called acute exacerbations, most of which are caused by infections or air pollution.

The diagnosis of COPD requires lung function tests. Important management strategies are smoking cessation, vaccinations, rehabilitation, and drug therapy (often using inhalers). Some patients go on to requiring long-term oxygen therapy or lung transplantation.

Worldwide, COPD ranked sixth as the cause of death in 1990. It is projected to be the third leading cause of death worldwide by 2020 due to an increase in smoking rates and demographic changes in many countries. COPD is the 4th leading cause of death in the U.S., and the economic burden of COPD in the U.S. in 2007 was $42.6 billion in health care costs and lost productivity.

COPD is also known as chronic obstructive lung disease (COLD), chronic obstructive airway disease (COAD), chronic airflow limitation (CAL) and chronic obstructive respiratory disease.

This text uses material from Wikipedia, licensed under CC BY-SA