Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

Understanding social networks necessary to tracking spread of disease

Understanding how infectious diseases, such as COVID-19 (causative pathogen—SARS-CoV-2), spread requires a deep understanding of our social connections and networks. It is the way forward for efficient infection prevention ...

Surgery

Pain in the neck? New surgical method could be game-changing

Anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) is a common type of neck surgery that involves removing a damaged disc to relieve pressure on the spinal cord or nerve root and thereby alleviate associated pain, numbness, weakness ...

Gerontology & Geriatrics

A new model system aiming to illuminate the fundamentals of aging

Huge amounts of time and money have been devoted to finding treatments for diseases that become more common as we age, like cancer and Alzheimer's. However, Leonid Peshkin, a lecturer in systems biology in the Blavatnik Institute ...

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Computer science

Computer science (or computing science) is the study of the theoretical foundations of information and computation, and of practical techniques for their implementation and application in computer systems. It is frequently described as the systematic study of algorithmic processes that describe and transform information. According to Peter J. Denning, the fundamental question underlying computer science is, "What can be (efficiently) automated?" Computer science has many sub-fields; some, such as computer graphics, emphasize the computation of specific results, while others, such as computational complexity theory, study the properties of computational problems. Still others focus on the challenges in implementing computations. For example, programming language theory studies approaches to describing computations, while computer programming applies specific programming languages to solve specific computational problems, and human-computer interaction focuses on the challenges in making computers and computations useful, usable, and universally accessible to people.

The general public sometimes confuses computer science with vocational areas that deal with computers (such as information technology), or think that it relates to their own experience of computers, which typically involves activities such as gaming, web-browsing, and word-processing. However, the focus of computer science is more on understanding the properties of the programs used to implement software such as games and web-browsers, and using that understanding to create new programs or improve existing ones.

This text uses material from Wikipedia, licensed under CC BY-SA