Neuroscience

Mu­sic and nat­ive lan­guage in­ter­act in the brain

Finnish speakers showed an advantage in auditory duration processing compared to German speakers in a recent doctoral study on auditory processing of sound in people with different linguistic and musical backgrounds. In Finnish ...

Psychology & Psychiatry

Whites believe they are victims of racism more often than blacks

Whites believe that they are replacing blacks as the primary victims of racial discrimination in contemporary America, according to a new study from researchers at Tufts University's School of Arts and Sciences and Harvard ...

Immunology

Racism aggravates treatment-resistant asthma

Racial discrimination experienced by African-American children and young adults exacerbates a type of asthma known to be resistant to standard treatment, according to a study headed by researchers at UC San Francisco.

Medical research

Racial discrimination accelerates telomere shortening, study finds

An Auburn University-led study indicates that racism may result in tolls related to premature biological aging among African Americans. African Americans who reported more racial discrimination over a 10-year period showed ...

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Discrimination

Discrimination is the prejudicial treatment of an individual based on their membership in a certain group or category. It involves the actual behaviors towards groups such as excluding or restricting members of one group from opportunities that are available to another group. The term began to be used as an expression of derogatory racial prejudice in the 1830s from Thomas D. Rice's performances as "Jim Crow".

Since the American Civil War the term 'discrimination' generally evolved in American English usage as an understanding of prejudicial treatment of an individual based solely on their race, later generalized as membership in a certain socially undesirable group or social category.

Discriminatory laws such as redlining exist in many countries. In some places, controversial attempts such as racial quotas have been used to redress negative effects of discrimination.

It should be noted that discrimination is not always against a disadvantaged group. When a majority group (white, male, heterosexual, rich etc.) is discriminated against because they are a member of this group this is usually called reverse discrimination.

This text uses material from Wikipedia, licensed under CC BY-SA