Immunology

Pathway to resolve allergic asthma is discovered

A group of Brazilian researchers succeeded in preventing allergic asthma from progressing in experimental models by increasing the amount of a certain protein. This increase, in turn, blocked the CD4+ T lymphocytes responsible ...

Autism spectrum disorders

Autism linked to egg cells' difficulty creating large proteins

New work from Carnegie's Ethan Greenblatt and Allan Spradling reveals that the genetic factors underlying fragile X syndrome, and potentially other autism-related disorders, stem from defects in the cell's ability to create ...

Genetics

Why does making new egg cells require so much cell death?

A highly detailed study of how the roundworm C. elegans forms oocytes suggests that the egg-making process leads to the formation and subsequent destruction of cells with an extra nucleus, but that some cellular materials ...

Oncology & Cancer

A major step towards individualized cancer therapy

Fuyuhiko Tamanoi of Kyoto University's Institute for Integrated Cell-Material Sciences (iCeMS) and colleagues in the U.S. succeeded in establishing a powerful and convenient model to analyse human cancer.

Obstetrics & gynaecology

Preconception zinc deficiency could spell bad news for fertility

An estimated 10 percent of couples in the U.S. struggle with infertility. While a variety of factors can make it difficult for some people to get pregnant, ovulation disorders are a leading cause of female infertility. Now, ...

Obstetrics & gynaecology

Like babies, eggs send signals when 'hungry'

In humans and other mammals, the female reproductive cells - the eggs or oocytes - need nourishment in order to grow and remain fertile. It is known that the egg gets its food from little arm-like feeding tubes (called filopodia) ...

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