Health

Big data saves lives, and patient safeguards are needed

The use of big data to address the opioid epidemic in Massachusetts poses ethical concerns that could undermine its benefits without clear governance guidelines that protect and respect patients and society, a University ...

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

DR Congo announces end of latest Ebola epidemic

DR Congo on Wednesday declared the end of its latest Ebola epidemic, closing the file on an outbreak in the northwestern province of Equateur that claimed 55 lives in nearly six months.

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

New epidemic modelling facilitates assessment of pandemic strategies

The NordicMathCovid project aims to model corona and future epidemics more extensively than has been previously attempted. It also builds towards long-term cooperation in mathematical modeling and extensive collection of ...

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

The role of the sun in the spread of viral respiratory diseases

Why do most viral epidemics spread cyclically in autumn and winter in the globe's temperate regions? According to an interdisciplinary team of researchers of the Italian National Institute for Astrophysics, the University ...

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

Heterogeneous populations develop herd immunity quicker

In rapidly spreading epidemics such as the current coronavirus pandemic, it is usually expected that a majority of the population will be infected before herd immunity is achieved and the epidemic abates. The estimate of ...

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

Mask up to slow down SARS-CoV-2

Along with handwashing and physical distancing, the appropriate use of masks has stood as one of the essential pillars of infection prevention measures against COVID-19. However, rigorous evidence of masks' effectiveness ...

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

DR Congo's latest Ebola outbreak 'under control'

The latest Ebola epidemic in the Democratic Republic of Congo is now under control, the man leading the fight against the disease said on Saturday.

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

Curfew begins for 20 million French people

Some 20 million French people are preparing to spend their first evening under curfew on Saturday, a measure taken by the government after an alarming surge in new coronavirus cases.

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

Predicting influenza epidemics

Researchers at Linköping University, Sweden, have developed a unique method to predict influenza epidemics by combining several sources of data. The forecasts can be used, for example, when planning healthcare provision, ...

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Epidemic

In epidemiology, an epidemic (from Greek epi- upon + demos people) occurs when new cases of a certain disease, in a given human population, and during a given period, substantially exceed what is "expected," based on recent experience (the number of new cases in the population during a specified period of time is called the "incidence rate"). (An epizootic is the analogous circumstance within an animal population.) In recent usages, the disease is not required to be communicable; examples include cancer or heart disease.

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