HIV & AIDS

Aspirin could reduce HIV infections in women

With nearly two million new infections and one million associated deaths each year, the HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) pandemic is alive and well. Thirty-seven million people are now living with HIV, more than half of ...

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

Vampire bats found to carry infectious bacteria at high rates

Bartonella are bacteria that cause endocarditis, a potentially life-threatening illness in humans and domestic animals. In Latin America, common vampire bats (Desmodus rotundus) are frequently infected by Bartonella, and ...

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

A protein in mosquito spit can keep Dengue virus in check

Mosquito saliva influences transmission of viruses to a bitten mammalian host. For example, it contains factors that dampen the host immune response and so facilitate infection. A study published in PLOS NTDs reports on a ...

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

Chasing fire: Fever and human mobility in an epidemic

Disease ecologists working in the Amazonian city of Iquitos, Peru, have quantified for the first time how a fever affects human mobility during the outbreak of a mosquito-borne pathogen. The findings were published by Proceedings ...

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

Brazil says almost 1,300 hit by Zika-linked microcephaly

Brazil's outbreak of Zika—which has been linked to the devastating microcephaly birth defect in newborns in 1,271 cases since October—has also killed 57 of those babies, authorities said Wednesday.

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

Understanding behavior key to combating malaria

April 25 is World Malaria Day. This year's theme – End Malaria for Good – seeks to build upon past successes in combatting this deadly disease, which killed over 435,000 people in 2015, and sustain this progress in order ...

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